Philosophy Dictionary of ArgumentsHome
|Sentences: sentences are linguistic forms for expressing existent or non-existent issues of conditions, wishes, questions or commands. Statements can be true or false, unlike other forms of sentences like questions or single words. See also subsentential, truth, statements._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
Peter Geach on Sentences - Dictionary of Arguments
Sentence/name/abbreviation/substitute/proxy/Geach: e.g. if "P" and "Q" are abbreviations of sentences and "A" and "B", the respective names of these sentences, then we could have a convention, by which
"A > B"
is the name (abbreviation) of the sentence
"P > Q".
>Name of a sentence, >Level/Order, >Names, >Descriptions.
Autonymous/Carnap: the symbol ">" in "A > B", is used as a sign of itself, autonymous. - (Geach per)
>Logical constants, >Logical connectives, >Sign, >Symbol.
Conjunction/Sentence/Frege: "P u Q" is a phrase that is different from "p" and "q" individually.
Mill: ditto: otherwise "a group of horses" would be the same as "a kind of horse" - but not: E.g. "Jim is convinced and his wife is unfaithful".
Solution: "the fact that ..." is always to be split into a pair of statements.
Sentence/GeachVsAristotle: it is a mistake to analyze complex sentences as a combination of atomic sentences.
>Atomic sentence, >Complex, cf. >Compositionality._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Logic Matters Oxford 1972
Authors A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W Y Z