Philosophy Dictionary of Arguments

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Slingshot Argument, philosophy: slingshot argument is an expression for a problematic conclusion from the assumption originally made by G. Frege that the meaning of sentences is their truth value. That is, true sentences mean, according to Frege, the truth. If you replace individual expressions of a statement with expressions that have the same extension (reference object), the truth value does not change. However, in the case of piecewise substitution, the meaning can change and finally also the truth value. See also extension, truths values, reference, co-extension, great fact, fulfillment, consequences.

Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Concept Summary/Quotes Sources

Alfred Jules Ayer on Slingshot Argument - Dictionary of Arguments

I 288
Assertiveness /Determination/ Ayer:defined by being contained: that my shoes are black, entails that they are not brown, but not vice versa - that I write entails that someone writes, but not vice versa. - ((s) something specific entails something vague.) - Def Assertiveness / Ayer: a statement is absolutely specific in S if no statement can be made that contains this statement, without being contained in it. - ((s) > Def minimal / Chisholm) - then there is a constructible hierarchy in S. - Problem: you can make a statement of specific when connecting another statement with it. (Conjunction, > Goodman: fake theory (> slingshot argument) - I 289 > "Big fact": expressed by a conjunction of all independent true statements .

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

Ayer I
Alfred J. Ayer
"Truth" in: The Concept of a Person and other Essays, London 1963
Wahrheitstheorien, Gunnar Skirbekk, Frankfurt/M. 1977

Ayer II
Alfred Jules Ayer
Language, Truth and Logic, London 1936
Philosophie im 20. Jahrhundert, A. Hügli/P. Lübcke,

Ayer III
Alfred Jules Ayer
"The Criterion of Truth", Analysis 3 (1935), pp. 28-32
Theories of Truth, Paul Horwich, Aldershot 1994

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> Counter arguments against Ayer
> Counter arguments in relation to Slingshot Argument

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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2022-01-21
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