## Economics Dictionary of ArgumentsHome | |||

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Probability law: A probability law is a function that assigns a probability to each event in a sample space. It is also known as a probability distribution or a probability measure. See also Probability, Probability distribution, Probability function, Likelihood, Chance._____________ Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. | |||

Author | Concept | Summary/Quotes | Sources |
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David M. Armstrong on Probability Law - Dictionary of Arguments III 29f Probability Laws/Armstrong: relative frequency does not have to depict the probability law. - Each occurring event itself may be unlikely. Infinite sequences: here you can form the limit of relative frequencies, but that is no solution. Regularity Theory: must assume a law of probability for each event: absurd. >Regularity theory. "Indefinite improbability"/Lewis/Armstrong: the relative frequency wrongly maps the probability law. Distribution: No distribution is impossible, therefore, the law seems to allow any. Real probability law: here there is no property D through which the atom disintegrates when the property is present. III 31 Probability Laws/Armstrong: cannot be identified with molecular facts of distributions. - Probability laws are natural laws that do not logically supervene on facts. _____________ Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition. |
Armstrong I David M. Armstrong Meaning and Communication, The Philosophical Review 80, 1971, pp. 427-447 InHandlung, Kommunikation, Bedeutung, Georg Meggle, Frankfurt/M. 1979 Armstrong II (a) David M. Armstrong Dispositions as Categorical States InDispositions, Tim Crane, London New York 1996 Armstrong II (b) David M. Armstrong Place’ s and Armstrong’ s Views Compared and Contrasted InDispositions, Tim Crane, London New York 1996 Armstrong II (c) David M. Armstrong Reply to Martin InDispositions, Tim Crane, London New York 1996 Armstrong II (d) David M. Armstrong Second Reply to Martin London New York 1996 Armstrong III D. Armstrong What is a Law of Nature? Cambridge 1983 |

> Counter arguments against **Armstrong**

> Counter arguments in relation to **Probability Law**