|Syntax: Syntax is a collective term for systems that regulate the composition of signs into linear combinations (strings), as opposed to the semantics interpreting these strings. Syntax questions concern the permissibility, in short, the existence of combinations, not the resulting being true or false of the interpreted formulas. See also proof theory, existence, morphology, semantics, pragmatics, linguistics._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
Syntax/Cresswell: The modal operator belongs to the syntax. - Semantics: possible worlds belong to semantics.
Syntax/Semantics/HintikkaVsChomsky: Syntax depends on semantics. - (In the context of the game theoretical semantics GTS, it is about the order of the applied rules) - Cresswell: Thesis: Syntax first generates a large class of structures, this is then reduced by semantics, and then again syntactic principles reduce the class of grammatically acceptable chains.
Every/any/Hintikka/Cresswell: the thesis that a sentence with "any" is unacceptable if "any" can be replaced by "every" without changing the meaning.
Semantic category/Cresswell: E.g. 0: Proposition - Corresponding syntactic category: sentence._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
M. J. Cresswell
Semantical Essays (Possible worlds and their rivals) Dordrecht Boston 1988
M. J. Cresswell
Structured Meanings Cambridge Mass. 1984