|Facts, philosophy: facts are that which corresponds to a true statement or - according to some authors - is identical with a true statement. Problems result from possible multiple counting of objects, e.g. when it is spoken of a situation and additionally by the fact that this situation exists. Therefore, some authors consider the assumption of facts as something superfluous. See also truths of reason, factual truths, facts, truth, statements, knowledge, certainty, thought objects._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
Alfred Jules Ayer on Facts - Dictionary of Arguments
Brandom facts = true statements - Ayer: facts do not equal true statements.
A statement cannot define a fact, because it is far too unspecific, it is compatible with all sorts of facts.
Def Fact/Ayer: that what makes a statement true - Ayer pro "make true". Facts are not some linguistic entities, but objective facts - "someone is writing in this room" is not made true but by anyone, but by me
Disjunctive Fact: many authorsVs: a statement cannot determine a fact, because it is too unspecific - negative statements are less accurate E.g. "London is not the capital of France"
Def Facts/Ayer: a fact which constitutes the objective content of the true statements of this class (>statement) - apparent circle: statements and facts mutually defined - Solution: rejection of the coherence theory.
Fact/Statement/Ayer: wrong to look for any relation - however comparison not mysterious - by understanding the sentence_____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Alfred J. Ayer
"Truth" in: The Concept of a Person and other Essays, London 1963
Wahrheitstheorien, Gunnar Skirbekk, Frankfurt/M. 1977
Alfred Jules Ayer
Language, Truth and Logic, London 1936
Philosophie im 20. Jahrhundert, A. Hügli/P. Lübcke,
Alfred Jules Ayer
"The Criterion of Truth", Analysis 3 (1935), pp. 28-32
Theories of Truth, Paul Horwich, Aldershot 1994