Philosophy Dictionary of Arguments

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Part-of-Relation, Part-Relation, philosophy: the relations that exist between parts of an assumed whole and this whole, but not between the parts among themselves. For the part-relation there are different restrictions and rules than for the element relation of the set theory. See also parts, whole, totality, mereology, elements, element relation, sets, set theory, ontological dependency, overlap.

Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

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Peter M. Simons on Part-of-Relation - Dictionary of Arguments

I 107
Non-transitivity/Part-relation/Rescher/Simons: non-transitive: E.g. nucleus is not part of the organ, but rather part of the cell. - E.g. door handle not part of the house, but rather part of the door and this part of the house. - Vs: there is a sense of "part" in which this is false: namely, the spatio-temporal containment. ("broad concept"). - Then the nucleus is also part of the organ.
I 107
Part-relation/Function/Simons: a causal or functional contribution can not be aan aspect of the part-relation. - It is always outside. - Even if transitivity was restored by a "contribution to the functioning": . - "Function" is not part of the narrower concept of "part". - Broader concept of "part": spatiotemporal containment.

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

Simons I
P. Simons
Parts. A Study in Ontology Oxford New York 1987

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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2021-09-25
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