Normal speech/Frege: literal quote - oblique: analogous quote - oblique">

Philosophy Dictionary of Arguments

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Terminologies: here, special features of the language use of the individual authors are explained.

Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Item Summary Meta data
Frege, German Original "gerade Rede" "normal speech - "gerade" - normal
Normal speech/Frege: literal quote - oblique: analogous quote - oblique meaning (of a word) = normal sense (!)
Chisholm II 146
Frege/saturated/unsaturated: von Husserl: dependent/independent clauses.
Frege II 58
Hypothetical Judgment/German original: hypothetisches Urteil/Frege: = implication
I I29
Unsaturated: "capital city of" - saturated: "Deutsches Reich".
I 72f
Term = meaning of a predicate, unsaturated, predicative, of something - subject matter: saturated, never the whole meaning of a predicate. A proper name (saturated) can never be a predicate. (But part of a predicate). Thought: a part must be unsaturated, as a binder - example: "falls under".
I 87
Function: unsaturated.
I 88
Function/Frege: Function sign (unsaturated) e.g. "sin" (sine) - On the other hand: saturated by connection with numeric signs (argument): - example "sin 1" - is each time a number. Value of the function.
I 89
Thus, we can also call functions self-unsaturated.
I 88
Number sign/Frege: Example "2" - saturated. On the other hand: Function sign - example: "sin" (sine) unsaturated.
IV 70/71
Body/Frege: does not need to be supplemented. > ((s) objects are saturated).
IV 11
Terminology/Frege: "subter: individual/class or subject/term - corresponds to "ε". Epsilon/Frege/ (s): always denotes that an individual is contained, not a subset.
On the other hand: "sub": class/class or term/term - this corresponds to the horseshoe ⊂ (subset).
IV 73 ff
Mental structure/Frege: 1. type: A u B - 2. type: ~(A u B). - 3. type: ~A u ~ B. - 4. type: ~(~A u ~B) - 1. - 4. are interchangeable in order - 5. type ~A u B - 6. type: ~(~A u B).

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

G. Frege
Die Grundlagen der Arithmetik Stuttgart 1987

G. Frege
Funktion, Begriff, Bedeutung Göttingen 1994

G. Frege
Logische Untersuchungen Göttingen 1993

Chisholm I
R. Chisholm
The First Person. Theory of Reference and Intentionality, Minneapolis 1981
German Edition:
Die erste Person Frankfurt 1992

Chisholm II
Roderick Chisholm

Philosophische Aufsäze zu Ehren von Roderick M. Ch, Marian David/Leopold Stubenberg, Amsterdam 1986

Chisholm III
Roderick M. Chisholm
Theory of knowledge, Englewood Cliffs 1989
German Edition:
Erkenntnistheorie Graz 2004

G. Frege
Logische Untersuchungen Göttingen 1993

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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2020-04-09
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