Philosophy Dictionary of Arguments

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Terminologies: here, special features of the language use of the individual authors are explained.

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Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

 
Author Item Summary Meta data
I 26
Definition Paradigm/Kuhn: Performances with the two features: a) ongoing attractiveness for established researchers - b) openness to unresolved issues for young researchers - cannot logically be broken down into components - hallmark of a mature science - without a paradigm sciences have at best family resemblance.
I 96
Crisis/Science/Kuhn: The area does not seem to be quite what it used to be. Even former default solutions are questioned - crises end in three ways - 1) normal scientists cope with the problem - 2) the problem balks even against seemingly radically new approaches - 3) appearance of a new candidate for a paradigm and dispute over its recognition.
I 106
Paradigm/Community/Kuhn: When choosing a paradigm there is no higher standard than the approval by the respective community.
I 133
Paradigm Shift/Kuhn: Thesis: With its shift the world does not change, but the scientists do live in a new world afterwards - the data which is now collected by the scientists is inherently different.
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Flor IV 507
Paradigms/Kuhn: not comparable before and after a scientific revolution. The scientist almost lives "in a different world" - E.g. Newton: pushed the question of why gravity even exists away - a question which appeared to be central in the theories of Aristotle and Descartes. -> Incommensurability/Kuhn.


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

Kuhn I
Th. Kuhn
The Structure of Scientific Revolutions, Chicago 1962
German Edition:
Die Struktur wissenschaftlicher Revolutionen Frankfurt 1973

Flor I
Jan Riis Flor
"Gilbert Ryle: Bewusstseinsphilosophie"
In
Philosophie im 20. Jahrhundert, A. Hügli/P. Lübcke, Reinbek 1993

Flor II
Jan Riis Flor
"Karl Raimund Popper: Kritischer Rationalismus"
In
Philosophie im 20. Jahrhundert, A.Hügli/P.Lübcke, Reinbek 1993

Flor III
J.R. Flor
"Bertrand Russell: Politisches Engagement und logische Analyse"
In
Philosophie im 20. Jahrhundert, A. Hügli/P.Lübcke (Hg), Reinbek 1993

Flor IV
Jan Riis Flor
"Thomas S. Kuhn. Entwicklung durch Revolution"
In
Philosophie im 20. Jahrhundert, A. Hügli/P. Lübcke, Reinbek 1993


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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2020-04-08
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