Philosophy Dictionary of Arguments

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Terminologies: here, special features of the language use of the individual authors are explained.<
Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Concept Summary/Quotes Sources

Peter F. Strawson on Terminology - Dictionary of Arguments

I 134
M-predicates/Strawson: predicates that can be also correctly applied to purely mathematical bodies: E.g. "weighs 5 kg" "is in the living room".
P-predicates: applicable to persons: E.g. "smile", "suffer pain", "go for a walk", "believe in God".
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VII 118/19
e.g. "He": minimal descriptive meaning.
E.g. "Blue Grotto": maximum descriptive meaning.
E.g. "The Blue Grotto": middle position, "impure" proper name.
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I 185
A-expressions: are substantive
B-expressions: are predicative.
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I 239f
Class (1): (universal): expressions of which one (without empirical facts) cannot know what they introduce
class (2) (paricular) also without empirical fact possible to know what they introduce - both are incomplete
(1) presuppose implicit expressions, have factual weight
(2) have no factual weight.
I 241
3. Criterion: expressions introducing particulars can never be predicate expressions - Definition subject-expression: presents a fact by itself (complete)
Predicate A: incomplete "is married to John" is not a fact by itself.
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I 32ff
Logically individuating description: "the first", "the only" etc.
Pure individuating description: the only dog who was born at sea"
Quasi-pure: the tallest man who has lived so far.
Except for probability considerations no reasons that pure individuating descriptions apply to something.
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I 215
a) Type-universals: provides classification principle, does require none - E.g. generic names
b) characterizing universals: E.g. verbs, adjectives: deliver classification-principle - only for previously classified particulars.
But also particulars themselves provide "principle of summary": E.g. Socrates as well as wisdom -> "attributive tie": (non-relational relation between particulars of different types).
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Newen ) 93
Def implication: A imp B iff. it can not be that A is true but B is false.
Def presupposition: A presupposes B iff. B must be true in order for A to have any specific truth value.
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V 13
Def "Sense Principle" / Strawson: there is no legitimate use of ideas or concepts that would not refer to the empirical conditions of its application.

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

Strawson I
Peter F. Strawson
Individuals: An Essay in Descriptive Metaphysics. London 1959
German Edition:
Einzelding und logisches Subjekt Stuttgart 1972

Strawson II
Peter F. Strawson
"Truth", Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, Suppl. Vol XXIV, 1950 - dt. P. F. Strawson, "Wahrheit",
Wahrheitstheorien, Gunnar Skirbekk, Frankfurt/M. 1977

Strawson III
Peter F. Strawson
"On Understanding the Structure of One’s Language"
Truth and Meaning, G. Evans/J. McDowell, Oxford 1976

Strawson IV
Peter F. Strawson
Analysis and Metaphysics. An Introduction to Philosophy, Oxford 1992
German Edition:
Analyse und Metaphysik München 1994

Strawson V
P.F. Strawson
The Bounds of Sense: An Essay on Kant’s Critique of Pure Reason. London 1966
German Edition:
Die Grenzen des Sinns Frankfurt 1981

Strawson VI
Peter F Strawson
Grammar and Philosophy in: Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, Vol 70, 1969/70 pp. 1-20
Linguistik und Philosophie, G. Grewendorf/G. Meggle, Frankfurt/M. 1974/1995

Strawson VII
Peter F Strawson
"On Referring", in: Mind 59 (1950)
Eigennamen, Ursula Wolf, Frankfurt/M. 1993

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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2023-09-23
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