|Truth Definitions: are attempts to define truth and can be arranged into two main streams
A. Semantic truth theories presuppose a concept of consistency between understood and interpreted verbal utterances with something outside of the usage of language. One problem here is that the definition of meaning and the definition of truth are presupposing each other. See also correspondence theory, coherence theory, meaning theory, deflationism, disquotationalism.
B. Pragmatic truth theories refer to a more or less fixed image of a socially or religiously determined ideal, which must be realized. Untruth is then something like the difference between a state realized by social practice and the image of the ideal. See also pragmatism, idealization, ideas.
_____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
Designation of sentences/truth/Carnap/Geach: E.g. DES (German) "rot" is red, DES (French) "l" eau "is water, etc. - For all x, x is true in L ↔ DES (L) x. - This gives us a definition of "true in L" in terms of "designation in L". If it is grammatically not a complete sentence, it is nevertheless in the logical sense - it means roughly: ""mon crayon est noir" is true in French." - Because "DES(English) "Chicago is a large city" is a complete sentence, "DES(English) is not a relation sign! We cannot ask: "What is it what it signifies" as we cannot ask, "What is it that it rains?"._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Logic Matters Oxford 1972