|Truth Definitions: are attempts to define truth and can be arranged into two main streams
A. Semantic truth theories presuppose a concept of consistency between understood and interpreted verbal utterances with something outside of the usage of language. One problem here is that the definition of meaning and the definition of truth are presupposing each other. See also correspondence theory, coherence theory, meaning theory, deflationism, disquotationalism.
B. Pragmatic truth theories refer to a more or less fixed image of a socially or religiously determined ideal, which must be realized. Untruth is then something like the difference between a state realized by social practice and the image of the ideal. See also pragmatism, idealization, ideas.
_____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
E. Tugendhat on Truth Definition - Dictionary of Arguments
Applying/Tugendhat: because an assertion is not already true if the predicate is applied, but only if it is rightly applicable - then you can set up a truth-definition, in which "true" does not exist - but still circles between "true" and "apply"- only through the divided structure truth conditions are possible.
Truth/Truth-Definition/Truth Condition/Tugendhat: instead of metatheoretically "when the predicate is applicable" - verification rule - "apply" and "stand for" must not occur.
Instead: the sentence "Fa" is true if the predicate is properly applicable in the situation identified by "a" - Problem: we need a verification rule to explain the identification rule - VsTradition: assumes that the object is already identified._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Vorlesungen zur Einführung in die Sprachanalytische Philosophie Frankfurt 1976
Philosophische Aufsätze Frankfurt 1992