Ancient Philosophy on Cosmopolitanism - Dictionary of Arguments
Höffe I 75
Cosmopolitanism/Ancient Philosophy/Democritus/Höffe: (...) in the political [appears in post-classical philosophy] a radically new point of view, a cosmopolitanism foreign to the hitherto predominant thinking.
Ancient philosophy: The natural and moral philosopher Democritus (460-371 B.C.) already anticipated an essential moment for this. More than a generation before Plato, he pleaded for globalization. His thesis that the whole earth is open to the wise man, that the universe is the fatherland of the good soul, only apparently anticipates a global political order.
Like other intellectuals before Socrates, such as Heraclitus (around 550-480 BC), Democritus criticized the particularism of the Greeks. However, he does not draw any political consequences from the thesis that thanks to his reason man could be at home anywhere in the world. The idea of creating a political organization, first for the coexistence of the Greek urban republics with each other and finally for the relations of the Greeks with their neighbors, does not even begin to emerge._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Geschichte des politischen Denkens München 2016