Economics Dictionary of Arguments

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Analogy: an analogy is a formal parallelism. It intends to show that from a similar case, similar conclusions can be drawn.
Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Concept Summary/Quotes Sources

Speusippus on Analogies - Dictionary of Arguments

Gadamer I 434
Analogies/Terms/Speusippos/Gadamer: (...) of the Platonist Speusipp, Plato's successor in the leadership of the Academy, (...) we know that he cultivated in particular the search for the common (homoia) and in doing so went far beyond what was generalization in the sense of the logic of the genre, in that he handled analogy, i.e. the proportional correspondence, as a method of research. The dialectical ability to discover commonalities and to see many things in common is here still very close to the free universality of language and the principles of its word formation. The common feature of the analogy that Speusipp sought everywhere - correspondences of the kind: what the wings are to the bird, the fins are to the fish - serve to define concepts, because such a correspondence is at the same time one of the most important educational principles of linguistic word formation. Transfer from one area to another does not only have a logical function, but also corresponds to the basic metaphor of language itself.
Gadamer: The well-known stylistic figure of metaphor is only the rhetorical phrase of this
Gadamer I 435
general principle of education that is both linguistic and logical. Thus Aristotle can almost say: "To transfer well means to recognize the common".(1) >Categories/Aristotle.

1. Poet. 22, 1459 a 8.

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Gadamer I
Hans-Georg Gadamer
Wahrheit und Methode. Grundzüge einer philosophischen Hermeneutik 7. durchgesehene Auflage Tübingen 1960/2010

Gadamer II
H. G. Gadamer
The Relevance of the Beautiful, London 1986
German Edition:
Die Aktualität des Schönen: Kunst als Spiel, Symbol und Fest Stuttgart 1977

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