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Islam on Politics - Dictionary of Arguments

Höffe I 121
Politics/Islam/Höffe: In political thought, Islam is shaped by two different traditions, a sacred jurisprudence, the fiqh, which is based on religious dogmas, and a philosophy shaped by the Greeks, the falsafa. Both consider the holy book, the Koran (Arabic reading), to be much more than a mere religious writing.
Qur'an: Since the Qur'an does not know the New Testament's implied separation of a state, largely secular sphere from a divine, religious sphere ("Give to the emperor what is of the emperor, and to God what is of God"(1), Islam consists of a radical theocentric culture that goes right to the roots: To religious thinking here the political belongs inseparably to it, political thinking in turn is so closely connected with religious thinking that an independent, only political thinking is to a large extent foreign to Islam, as at least with Augustine also to Christianity.
Al-Farabi: Even with the probably most important political philosopher of classical Islam, al-Fārābī, the political ideal lies in a form of rule that is called "Caesaropapism" in the West, namely in a unity of secular and religious authority. >al-Farabi/Höffe.

1. Matthew 22,21

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Höffe I
Otfried Höffe
Geschichte des politischen Denkens München 2016

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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2023-03-26
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