|Time: A. Time is a dimension in which events are arranged. At first, no direction (before / after) is defined with this. A time direction can be obtained in the context of the Second Principle of Thermodynamics. However, a global framework must be assumed, within which there is an increase of entropy. The assumption of increasing entropy does not apply to the comparison of local events. B. In the case of the subjective time, the question of direction is less problematic. The perceived time direction is expressed by the learned use of the terms "before" and "after". See also time arrow, time travel, time reversal, symmetry, duration, space time, relativity theory, four-dimensionalism, world lines._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
Interval/Time/Time Interval/mereology/van Benthem/Needham/Simons: Time terms and terms of temporal intervals. - Needham: temporal betweenness. - Benthem: Time organization - (+)
Object/thing/object/everyday language/time/existence/modification/terminology/Simons: we say, an ordinary material object lasts in time (enduring in time) but it is not extended in time (developing, extending, extended in time ). - Participants in the race (continuants) have no temporal parts. - The race has temporal parts.
Time/Simons: we assume it as being dense and empty - not relativized onto events. - Singular Term: also not temporally relativized. - Identity predicate: not time relativized (unlike existence predicate). - Time relativized: "true-to-t". - Points in time themselves are not relativized temporal._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Parts. A Study in Ontology Oxford New York 1987