Philosophy Dictionary of Arguments

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Lemons Example: is a thought experiment by J.R. Searle (J.R. Searle, What is a speech act? In Philosophy in America, M. Black (ed), Ithaca, NY, 1965, pp. 221-239) in connection with the theory of H.P. Grice on meaning An American soldier in the Second World War is captured by Italian troops. He wants the Italians to believe that he is a German officer and utters the only German sentence he still memorizes from school. “Kennst Du das Land, wo die Zitronen blühn?” (Do you know the land where the lemons bloom? Goethe, Mignon’s Song). His guards understand no German at all, but recognize the sound of the German language and set him free. Still, it would be wrong to say that he meant with these words "I am a German officer". The example is to refute Grice's theory. See also Meaning (intending), Grice, intentionality, conversational implication.

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Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

 
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Jonathan Bennett on Lemons Example - Dictionary of Arguments

I 190
Lemon-Example/Searle/Bennett: Grice: Conditional / intend p)> (mean p) - SearleVsGrice: it is possible (intend p) and not (mean p) - BennettVsSearle: he has not refuted Grice - the antecedent is not satisfied - S does not literally mean what it says.


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

Bennett I
Jonathan Bennett
"The Meaning-Nominalist Strategy" in: Foundations of Language, 10, 1973, pp. 141-168
In
Handlung, Kommunikation, Bedeutung, Georg Meggle, Frankfurt/M. 1979


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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2021-06-21
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