Marsilius of Padua on Governance - Dictionary of Arguments
Höffe I 177
Governance/Marsilius/Höffe: With reference to Scripture and the Church Fathers, i.e. the second page of scholastic art of argumentation, [Marsilius] (...) decisively rejects the almost exuberant secular claims to power of the popes contained in the idea of the abundance of violence (plentitudo potestatis). According to Marsilius the power of the priesthood including its head, the Popes called merely "Roman bishops", is limited to their authority to administer the sacraments.
Sacraments/Marsilius: For them he mentions only two sacraments, the altar sacrament and the penitential sacrament, while even the sacrament for entering the circle of the faithful, baptism, is missing.
Baptism/Christianity/Höffe: In fact, according to Christian understanding, baptism need not necessarily be administered by a priest, so the sacrament of baptism does not belong to the exclusive priestly power._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
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