Marsilius of Padua on Christian Church - Dictionary of Arguments
Höffe I 178
Church/Marsilius/Höffe: In the sense of the Sermon on the Mount, Marsilius demands for the Church what its founder, Christ, had exemplified: the ideal of poverty, according to the Sermon on the Mount even the highest form of poverty(1).
Food and clothing should be sufficient for the clergy. Already Thomas Aquinas and Dante see the leading task of a community in peace. Only Marsilius makes it a task to be solved exclusively within the inner-worldly, just as it is to be founded only within the inner-worldly, purely rationally and without theology.
Höffe I 181
Marsilius' thinking is (...) forward-looking because it subjects even the Church to the idea of popular sovereignty and republicanism. By analogy with the political community, the totality of all citizens (universitas civium), the Church is to be understood as the totality of believers (universitas fidelium) who believe in and call upon the name of Christ. For this reason the clergy derives its legitimacy from the totality of believers.
Council/Marsilius: In the assembly of the faithful, the Council, not only priests, theological experts and suitable personalities, at any rate not only clerics but also lay people, should participate. But even more clearly than in the case of human law, that is, secular questions, the "inexperienced masses" are excluded.
1. Marsilius. Defensor pacis II, 11_____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
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