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Republic: A republic is a form of government in which the people hold power and elect representatives to make decisions on their behalf. Republics typically have a written constitution that outlines the powers of the government and the rights of the citizens. See also State, Society, Democracy, Parliamentary system, Republicanism.
Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Concept Summary/Quotes Sources

Immanuel Kant on Republic - Dictionary of Arguments

Höffe I 314
Republic/Kant/Höffe: The republic [is] defined by three principles(1):
- the freedom of the members,
- the dependence on common legislation and
- the equality of citizens.
Höffe: A Kantian republic thus corresponds largely to a free and constitutional democracy.
Höffe I 316
Peace/Kant: Thesis: the global peace federation [is] promoted above all by two driving forces, by the experience of the horrors of war and by the establishment of republics, because their citizens have to bear the burdens of war, they are "by their nature inclined to eternal peace”.
HöffeVsKant: Since constitutional democracies recognize the self-interest of their citizens, they will, as Kant says, "be very careful to start such a bad game". There is no doubt that they are peace-loving and war-retardant because few wars promise a net advantage. However, they are hardly fundamentally hostile to war and hardly as fundamentally peaceful.

1. Kant, Perpetual Peace: A Philosophical Sketch, 1795

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
I. Kant
I Günter Schulte Kant Einführung (Campus) Frankfurt 1994
Externe Quellen. ZEIT-Artikel 11/02 (Ludger Heidbrink über Rawls)
Volker Gerhard "Die Frucht der Freiheit" Plädoyer für die Stammzellforschung ZEIT 27.11.03
Höffe I
Otfried Höffe
Geschichte des politischen Denkens München 2016

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