Philosophy Dictionary of Arguments

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Metaphysics: is a theory that has the claim to ask questions and provide answers beyond our available knowledge. It is objected that even for asking questions, a knowledge of the meanings of the words used is required. This knowledge is not given when experiences or at least theories using these terms are not available. See also essentialism, metaphysical possibility.

Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Concept Summary/Quotes Sources

Th.W. Adorno on Metaphysics - Dictionary of Arguments

XIII 160
Metaphysics/Adorno: while the conceptual pair rationalism/empiricism is epistemological, the conceptual pair of materialism/spiritualism is metaphysical in the sense that, according to fundamental determinations, primordial principles are sought before their epistemological reflection.
XIII 162
Metaphysics/Adorno: he is not content with what is given in experience, but places the emphasis on the difference between appearance and essence.
Appearance/Hegel/Adorno: For Hegel the essence must appear. (Hegel, Philosophie der Logik, Vol. II).
Metaphysics/Aristotle/Adorno: Aristotle, from whom the expression metaphysics also comes, addresses the question of how the essence appears.
Metaphysics/Adorno: he opposes the epitome of facts in principle with another, but without asserting that it is as the theologies are concerned with their deities.
AristophanesVsSocrates: calls his philosophy a cloud-cuckoo-land as a realm of utopia, or even clouds, as the concept of a being and a non-being at the same time.
XIII 165
Metaphysics/Adorno: the epistemological concepts to which our thinking sees itself constrained to, make up, at the moment when they become independent, since they cease to be mere reflections of our thought, and are posited as if they were principles in themselves, the subject of metaphysics.
XIII 166
Metaphysical Questions: For example, the questions about God, about freedom, the immortality of the soul, the true being, the nature of the reason, and the question of why something is at all, and not rather nothing.
Metaphysics/Adorno: it cannot be a positive doctrine of any of its being-contents. If it refers to the question of principles or essences, then one should not assume them onself in advance.

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

Th. W. Adorno
Max Horkheimer
Dialektik der Aufklärung Frankfurt 1978

Theodor W. Adorno
Negative Dialektik Frankfurt/M. 2000

Theodor W. Adorno
Ästhetische Theorie Frankfurt/M. 1973

Theodor W. Adorno
Minima Moralia Frankfurt/M. 2003

Theodor W. Adorno
Philosophie der neuen Musik Frankfurt/M. 1995

Theodor W. Adorno
Gesammelte Schriften, Band 5: Zur Metakritik der Erkenntnistheorie. Drei Studien zu Hegel Frankfurt/M. 1071

Theodor W. Adorno
Noten zur Literatur (I - IV) Frankfurt/M. 2002

Theodor W. Adorno
Gesammelte Schriften in 20 Bänden: Band 2: Kierkegaard. Konstruktion des Ästhetischen Frankfurt/M. 2003

Theodor W. Adorno
Gesammelte Schriften in 20 Bänden: Band 8: Soziologische Schriften I Frankfurt/M. 2003

Theodor W. Adorno
Über Walter Benjamin Frankfurt/M. 1990

Theodor W. Adorno
Philosophische Terminologie Bd. 1 Frankfurt/M. 1973

Theodor W. Adorno
Philosophische Terminologie Bd. 2 Frankfurt/M. 1974

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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2022-01-18
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