|Statement: once a statement is made the utterer is committed to it. In contrast to this, a sentence can be thought of as a string of symbols that is no statement._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
Richard Mervyn Hare on Statements - Dictionary of Arguments
Statements/tradition/Hare: Hare divides statements into empirical and analytical ones. In addition to that there seems to be nothing else.
Problem: one can easily assume on the basis of a confusion that the proposition, which states that the other proposition is analytically true or false, is itself analytic.
But it is at least not obviously true that
e.g. the statement "propositions of the form 'p and not p' are analytically false" should be analytically true. Is it not a statement of how the words "and not" are used?
And is it not analytically true that they are used in this way and not otherwise?
Problem: there is a conflict here between the temptations to call the statement analytically, as well as empirically, as well as neither of both options.
Wittgenstein: Wittgenstein calls the discussion "nonsensical." > Silence.
CarnapVsWittgenstein: Wittgenstein's behavior is contradictory: instead of being silent, he writes a whole book.
HareVsCarnap: Carnap does not take Wittgenstein's doubts seriously enough._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Richard Mervyn Hare
The Language of Morals Oxford 1991
Richard M. Hare
Philosophical discoveries", in: Mind, LXIX, 1960
Linguistik und Philosophie, G. Grewendorf/G. Meggle, Frankfurt/M. 1974/1995