Philosophy Dictionary of Arguments

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Terminologies: here, special features of the language use of the individual authors are explained.

Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Item Summary Meta data
Holz I 12f
Monadology/Monads/Leibniz: nobody will take monadology today simply as an explanatory scheme, but as a model response to possible problems that arise in the question of the unity of the manifoldness and the overall context.
Holz I 24
Pre-stabilized harmony/Leibniz: this reciprocal relation, regulated in every substance of the world from the beginning, which produces what we call its intercourse, and which alone constitutes the union of soul and body.
"The hypothesis is quite possible." (LeibnizVsNewton: Newton: "hypotheses non fingo").
"It is a wonderful idea of the harmony of the universe and the perfection of the works of God."
Holz I 48
Ratiocinatio/Leibniz: Ratiocinato is building a theory of argumentation chains about an object. Obtaining true sentences.
Holz I 49
Monad/Leibniz/Holz: title for the unity of the substantial and the structural aspect of being, as substance and concept of structure in one. The reason for unity is the form determinateness of its all-round connection, not the linearity of a sequence or series. To this extent, the existence reason of the world (as the totality of the connection) is not in the world, but it conditions it as a world.
Holz I 109
Windowlessness/Monad/Leibniz: states that in metaphysical severity changes of a substance result only from internal processes,...
I 110
...because they alone are the manifestations of the original force as vis activa and their self-restraint as vis passiva. (No connection to Maturana).
There is no means of explaining how a monad could be altered by any other creature, since nothing can be transferred into it, nor can there be any inner movement in it, as can be done in composed things, where there are changes between parts .
"The monads have no windows through which anything could enter or get out of them." (KS 441).
I 113
Immanence/Leibniz: immanence of the substance in the world - inherent: the world in the individual substance.
Holz I 116
Monad/Leibniz: Expressing that substance is only a structural substance. (Determined by the whole of the universe).
Soul/Leibniz: how the soul forms the structural unity of its body and the latter disintegrates when the soul escapes, so the monad is the unit-forming structure of the material body.
I 117
Monads/Leibniz: they must be real units "animated bodies" (not just mathematical points).
Solution: their nature must be in force.
But as the soul may not be used to provide information on details of the animal organism,...
I 118
...we must assume the monads as the original forces.

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

Lei II
G. W. Leibniz
Philosophical Texts (Oxford Philosophical Texts) Oxford 1998

Holz II
Hans Heinz Holz
Descartes Frankfurt/M. 1994

Lei I
H. H. Holz
Leibniz Frankfurt 1992

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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2020-04-08
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