Philosophy Dictionary of Arguments

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Thought, philosophy: a thought corresponds to a complete sentence. There is debate about whether we can attribute such thoughts to animals. See also mentalism, mental states, opacity, thinking, reality, world/thinking, propositional attitudes, propositions, intensions, objects of thought, relation theory, mentalese, computation.

Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Item Summary Meta data
I 127
Thought/thinking/animal/language//DavidsonVsMalcolm: his concept of "thought" only covers the higher level of thinking - I cover all propositional positions with that - Malcolm: E.g. the dog believes de re of the cat that she climbed the oak but not de dicto - Malcom: These belief de dicto, but not de re requires language - a) thinking (belief): the dog is aware that p - b) have thoughts: the creature is aware that it is aware that p - DavidsonVsMalcolm: even to think one must have a concept of a thought - so language is required.

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

Malcolm I
Norman Malcolm
"Thoughtless Brutes" in: The Nature of Mind, D. M. Rosenthal (Ed), Oxford 1991, pp. 445-461
Der Geist der Tiere, D Perler/M. Wild, Frankfurt/M. 2005

Malcolm II
N. Malcom
Problems of Mind: Descartes to Wittgenstein (Harper Essays in Philosophy) 1971

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> Counter arguments against Malcolm
> Counter arguments in relation to Thoughts ...

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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2020-04-08
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