|Correspondence Theory: truth as correspondence of statements with objects resp. situations in the world. The correspondence theory is a thesis about truth, not about the world. See also mapping relation, representation, picture theory, coherence theory<_____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
Ruth Millikan on Correspondence Theory - Dictionary of Arguments
Intentionality/Correspondence/Millikan: Intentionality is not a sharply defined phenomenon. It is not one piece. It generally has to do with what is normal or what is an eigenfunction. It has not so much to do with what is actual.
Intentionality/Millikan: intentionality has generally to do with mapping rules between signs and things.
Correspondence/Millikan: therefore a pure correspondence theory is empty.
Definition pure correspondence/correspondence theory/Millikan: a pure correspondence theory would be one that asserts that a correspondence would be true only because there is a mapping relation.
This does not work, because there can be mathematically infinitely many different mapping relations.
On the other hand:
Representations: are not so ubiquitous and diverse.
Correspondence theory/Millikan: in order for the correspondence theory to not be empty, it must explain what is so special about the mapping relations that map representations on the represented.
Mapping relation/Millikan: must have to do with real causality in real situations, not with logical order._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
R. G. Millikan
Language, Thought, and Other Biological Categories: New Foundations for Realism Cambridge 1987
"Varieties of Purposive Behavior", in: Anthropomorphism, Anecdotes, and Animals, R. W. Mitchell, N. S. Thomspon and H. L. Miles (Eds.) Albany 1997, pp. 189-1967
Der Geist der Tiere, D Perler/M. Wild, Frankfurt/M. 2005