|Contradictions, philosophy: A. Contradiction in a broad sense is conceived in philosophy, for example, in Hegel or Marx, as a fruitful contrast, which gives rise to a further development. B. In bivalent logic, a contradictory statement is a statement of the form A and non-A. Statements of this form cannot be true. See also consistency, theorem of contradiction, multi-valued logic._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
Theorem of the contradiction/consistency/a priori/Millikan: if we understand the proposition of consistency a priori, then only because evolution has incorporated it into us as a mirror of a structure._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
R. G. Millikan
Language, Thought, and Other Biological Categories: New Foundations for Realism Cambridge 1987
"Varieties of Purposive Behavior", in: Anthropomorphism, Anecdotes, and Animals, R. W. Mitchell, N. S. Thomspon and H. L. Miles (Eds.) Albany 1997, pp. 189-1967
Der Geist der Tiere, D Perler/M. Wild, Frankfurt/M. 2005