|Desire: desires are linguistically formulated attitudes or attitudes that can in principal be formulated for actually given or imagined situations or objects. One can wish to possess an object or to realize or terminate states or situations. A special case is unconscious desires, which can ultimately be identified only by attributing a linguistic form. In this way one can also ascribe wishes to animals. See also imagination, commands, sentences, propositions, attribution._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
Belief/Desires/Intention/Millikan: belief, desire and intention can be explained without reference to language._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
R. G. Millikan
Language, Thought, and Other Biological Categories: New Foundations for Realism Cambridge 1987
"Varieties of Purposive Behavior", in: Anthropomorphism, Anecdotes, and Animals, R. W. Mitchell, N. S. Thomspon and H. L. Miles (Eds.) Albany 1997, pp. 189-1967
Der Geist der Tiere, D Perler/M. Wild, Frankfurt/M. 2005