Philosophy Dictionary of Arguments

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Circumstances, philosophy: the concept of circumstances is relevant in the context of observations which are intended to confirm or disprove a hypothesis within an assumed theory. What belongs to the relevant circumstances is determined by the theory. See also situations, states, conditions, theories, ceteris paribus, experiments, observation, theoretical terms, theoretical entities, relevance, significance.

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Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

 
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Marvin Minsky on Circumstances - Dictionary of Arguments

I 123
Circumstances/descriptions/use/Artificial Intelligence/Minsky: Until we learn to make old descriptions fit new circumstances, our old knowledge can be applied only to the circumstances in which it was learned. And that would scarcely ever work, since circumstances never repeat themselves perfectly. ((s) Cf. >Context/Philosophical theories, >Use Theory/Philosophical Theories.)
At first it may seem simpler to accumulate examples than to find more uniform ways to represent them. Problem: (…) later there's a price to pay for this: when we try to reason about things, accumulations can be nuisances — because then we'll be forced to find a different argument or explanation to justify each separate example. Most likely, different parts of our brains have evolved to use both kinds of strategies. Accumulations need not take longer to manipulate if all the examples can be handled at the same time, by separate agents that don't interfere with one another.


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

Minsky I
Marvin Minsky
The Society of Mind New York 1985

Minsky II
Marvin Minsky
Semantic Information Processing Cambridge, MA 2003


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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2021-06-17
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