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Thinking: Thinking is a cognitive process that involves mental activities such as reasoning, problem solving, decision making, imagination and conceptualization. These operations enable individuals to process information, make sense of their experiences and interact with the world around them.
Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Concept Summary/Quotes Sources

Plato on Thinking - Dictionary of Arguments

Gadamer I 426
Thinking/Plato/Gadamer: Plato describes thinking as an inner conversation of the soul with itself(1), and the infinity of the dialectical effort he demands from the philosopher is the expression of the discursivity of our finite
Gadamer I 427
mind. Also, Plato, as much as he called for "pure thinking", has basically always acknowledged that the medium of Onoma and Logos remains indispensable for thinking the thing.
Gadamer I 434
Thinking/Plato/Gadamer: (...) Plato's demand to rise above names [presupposes] the independence of the cosmos of ideas from language in principle (...).
, >Language and thought/Plato, >Logos/Plato.
However, in so far as the elevation of names is made in view of the idea and is determined as dialectic, i.e. as the looking together into the unity of the view, as the looking out of the common from varying phenomena, it follows the natural direction in which language itself is formed.
The elevation of the names merely means that the truth of the matter is not in the name itself. It does not mean that the use of names and logos is dispensable for thought.
Mediation: Plato has rather always recognized that it this mediation of thought is needed, even if they must be regarded as always obsolete.
Ideas: the idea, the true being of the thing, cannot be discerned other than in passing through these mediations.

1. Plato, Sophist., 263 e.

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

Gadamer I
Hans-Georg Gadamer
Wahrheit und Methode. Grundzüge einer philosophischen Hermeneutik 7. durchgesehene Auflage Tübingen 1960/2010

Gadamer II
H. G. Gadamer
The Relevance of the Beautiful, London 1986
German Edition:
Die Aktualität des Schönen: Kunst als Spiel, Symbol und Fest Stuttgart 1977

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