|Equality: A. In mathematics, equality is a relationship between two quantities or expressions, asserting that they have the same value. It is written using the equals sign (=). For example, 2+3=5 and x=2x/2 are both equalities. The concept is also used in many other fields, such as physics, engineering, and computer science. - B. Equality in politics is the idea that all people are equal in fundamental worth or moral status. This means that all people deserve to be treated with respect and dignity, regardless of their race, gender, religion, social class, or any other factor. See also Equal sign, Equations.<_____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
J. Rawls on Equality - Dictionary of Arguments
Equality/Inequality/Rawls: the structure of societies is intuitively designed in such a way that people are born into different social positions and thus different expectations with regard to life are defined.
Therefore, the social institutions favor certain positions opposed to others.
These are, in particular, deep inequalities which cannot be justified by appeal to merit. These inequalities, which may be the basic structure of any society, are the ones to which the principles of social justice must be applied to first and foremost.
Equality/Democratic Equality/Rawls: Democratic Equality (correcting contingent social inequalities) is achieved by combining equality of opportunity with the difference principle.
>Equal opportunities, >Difference principle.
Equality/values/intrinsic/Rawls: that people have the same value is not a necessary condition for them to enjoy equal freedoms. But it is also not a sufficient condition: it is sometimes said that equal fundamental rights are derived from the same opportunities for individuals to develop themselves further.
RawlsVs: it is not clear why this should be the case. Here the concepts of right and value are mixed up.
>Law, >Values._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
A Theory of Justice: Original Edition Oxford 2005