Philosophy Dictionary of Arguments

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Free will: the free will is, formulated in everyday language, the ability of a subject to choose among alternatives. See also Libet experiments, freedom, subject, individual, determinism, action autonomy, compatibilism.

Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Concept Summary/Quotes Sources

Augustine on Free Will - Dictionary of Arguments

Höffe I 101
Freedom of will/responsibility/Augustinus/Höffe: The] "theological-ethical Augustinism" severely limits human self-responsibility in moral terms. >Ideas/Augustine.
Höffe I 102
For in contrast to the ancient, "pagan" Eudaimonism man owes his happiness or salvation in the end not to his own achievement but to a free gift of God, grace.
AugustineVsPelagius: Augustine rejects both the view of the Irish theologian Pelagius (around 400 AD) that man can freely choose what is good thanks to an autonomous will, and
AugustineVsManichaeism: the counter-assertion of the Manichaeans that man is completely unfree.
Acrasia/weakness/freedom: According to Augustine, man is only free to want the good; but because of original sin, a kind of "innate weakness of will," he lacks the freedom to accomplish the good.
Höffe I 102
In earlier works [Augustine] emphasizes a personal contribution, according to which, as Paul already emphasizes(1), one must freely agree to the grace of God in an act of faith. Later, he himself binds the decision to believe, the will to believe, to the grace of God.
Höffe: In this view the last instance of human freedom, the freedom of will, is perhaps not abolished, but certainly minimized. >Recognition/Augustine.

1. Romans 3,28

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Höffe I
Otfried Höffe
Geschichte des politischen Denkens München 2016

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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2022-01-25
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