|Word: a structure separated by spaces from other words within a language. In general, words are formed by one or more characters which are attached to one another. Whole words can in turn be interpreted as signs. In human languages, the elements of the words are letters; in computer languages, other symbols are used within words. See also concepts, expressions, terms, language, characters, symbols, subsentential, meaning._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
Augustine on Words - Dictionary of Arguments
Gadamer I 424
Word/Augustine/Gadamer: The external word, and with it the whole problem of the multiplicity of languages, is already expressly devalued by Augustine - who after all still discusses it(1). The external word, just as the external word reproduced only internally, is bound to a certain tongue (lingua). The fact that the "verbum" is said differently in each language only means, however, that it cannot show itself in its true being to the human tongue.
Augustine says in a completely platonic devaluation of the sensual appearance: non dicitur, sicuti est, sed sicut potest videri audirive per corpus. The word, verbum cordis, is completely independent of such appearance. It is neither prolativum nor cogitativum in similitudine soni.
Thus this inner word is the mirror and the image of the divine word.
Gadamer: When Augustine and scholasticism deal with the problem of "verbum" in order to obtain the conceptual means for the mystery of the >Trinity, it is exclusively this inner word, the word of the heart and its relationship with the intelligentia that they make the subject of their work. >Language/Christianity.
1. To the following above all Augustine, De trinitate X V, 10-15 (in the meantime G. Ripanti has shown in an excellent study that in "De doctrina christiana" the basic features of a hermeneutics of the Bible are found, which is not a methodological doctrine of theology, but describes the way of experience of Bible reading. See G. Ripanti, Agostino teoretico dell' interpretazione, Brescia 1980)._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Wahrheit und Methode. Grundzüge einer philosophischen Hermeneutik 7. durchgesehene Auflage Tübingen 1960/2010
H. G. Gadamer
The Relevance of the Beautiful, London 1986
Die Aktualität des Schönen: Kunst als Spiel, Symbol und Fest Stuttgart 1977