Philosophy Dictionary of ArgumentsHome
|Mind, philosophy: the mind is understood to be the activity of thought in the philosophical tradition, or that which enables the human to think. In the tradition the mind is opposed to the body. This traditional concept of mind is often translated as spirit in English. Today the mind is equated with the set of cognitive abilities. See also consciousness, body-soul problem, mind/brain, cognition, computation, spirit._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
David Hume on Mind - Dictionary of Arguments
Mind/Hume: the mind has no consistency itself, only psychology of affections. An affect is possible. The mind must be affected.
Mind/Hume: the mind is identical with imagination and idea. Imagination: is no fortune, but a collection without uniformity.
Mind/Hume: the mind always remains passive. It is not determinative, but it is determined. The act of the mind is activated, not active.
Mind/Hume: the mind is passive, empty, filled with impressions (not ideas). Ordered by principles are: association, contiguity, causality. (Inner) impression corresponds to self-awareness, that creates the subject. Ideas are atomistic.
Mind/Hume: new: in so far as the principles of morality and emotions act upon it, it ceases to be imagination and is fixed as a part of human nature (complex instead of simple effect, that is the distinction culture/nature).
Animal: an animal only knows simple effects. There are no exceeding rules.
Mind/Hume: the mind is identical with the idea. It is not subject and it does not need a subject. Also, it does not represent nature. Perceptions are the only objects. Every idea can disappear.
The mind is therefore quantitative, not qualitative. Invariant: the "smallest idea": e.g. I have an idea of the part of a grain of sand, but the images of it are all the same. Def "moment of the mind": is the citation of a smallest idea, but which is sensual.
The mind transforms to the subject by the two principles of affect and association. >I, Ego, Self/Hume,
>Association/Hume._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
I Gilles Delueze David Hume, Frankfurt 1997 (Frankreich 1953,1988)
II Norbert Hoerster Hume: Existenz und Eigenschaften Gottes aus Speck(Hg) Grundprobleme der großen Philosophen der Neuzeit I Göttingen, 1997
Authors A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W Y Z