Economics Dictionary of Arguments

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Progress: Progress is the forward movement towards a desired goal. It can be measured through technological advancement, social change, or personal development. See also Process, Change, Measurements, Learning, Stages of development.
Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Concept Summary/Quotes Sources

G.W.F. Hegel on Progress - Dictionary of Arguments

Höffe I 338
Progress/Hegel/Höffe: According to Hegel, in order to achieve progress, reason uses two "unconscious tools", the "world-historical individuals" (...) as well as the "spirits of the people", which in the sense of Montesquieu or Herder is to be understood as the way in which peoples organize their law and their constitution(1).
, >Reason.
People/peoples: Hegel speaks of the "special national character of a people"(2). Both subjects, the individuals and the spirits of the people, follow their own interests and nevertheless, so the cunning of reason, help reason qua free will to success.
Weltgeist: When Hegel speaks here of Weltgeist, he does not mean an abstruse force, but rather the entire moral world of mankind, namely the whole of law, the family, the economic world, and the community.
>World Spirit/Hegel, >World History/Hegel.

1. Hegel, Vorlesungen zur Philosophie der Geschichte 1821-32 ed. by E. Gans 1837
2. Hegel, Grundlinien der Philosophie des Rechts oder Naturrecht und Staatswissenschaft im Grundriss, 1820, § 3

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

Höffe I
Otfried Höffe
Geschichte des politischen Denkens München 2016

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