Philosophy Dictionary of Arguments

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Theories: theories are statement systems for the explanation of observations, e.g. of behavior or physical, chemical or biological processes. When setting up theories, a subject domain, a vocabulary of the terms to be used and admissible methods of observation are defined. In addition to explanations, the goal of the theory formation is the predictability and comparability of observations. See also systems, models, experiments, observation, observation language, theoretical terms, theoretical entities, predictions, analogies, comparisons, evidence, verification, reduction, definitions, definability.

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Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

 
Author Item Summary Meta data
Rötzer I 61
New theory/Flusser: development of ever better models.
Theory changes from the cathedral to the workshop and contradicts in two ways what is done there.
1. the theoretical view must adapt to the circumstances and
2. models are handed over and you have to see what the result is. Double contradiction between observation and theory on the one hand and experiment and theory on the other. > Modern science and technology.
In the workshops in question, people no longer talked about art, but about technology, and a writer is no longer sought in vain.
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Rötzer I 62
Art without theory/Flusser: (experiment, model) leads to the conclusion that art-makers appoint themselves authors and claim to possess their own criteria.
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I 62/63
Two types of workshops:
1. type: provides models for world change,
2. type: provides models for easy viewing. These models have been called art ever since.
This separates the culture into a hard, scientific and a soft, artistically humanistic branch, but not without problems.
The models of art are experience models: aistheta.
The ones of technology behavioural models: ethos.
The theoretical foundation makes technology models much more creative. Just compare the phone to a painting of Picasso.
At present, qualities can be quantified and vice versa.


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

Fl I
V. Flusser
Kommunikologie Mannheim 1996

Rötz I
F. Rötzer
Kunst machen? München 1991


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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2020-04-08
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