|Word: a structure separated by spaces from other words within a language. In general, words are formed by one or more characters which are attached to one another. Whole words can in turn be interpreted as signs. In human languages, the elements of the words are letters; in computer languages, other symbols are used within words. See also concepts, expressions, terms, language, characters, symbols, subsentential, meaning._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
Ancient Philosophy on Words - Dictionary of Arguments
Gadamer I 409
Word/Ancient Philosophy/Gadamer: (...) Greek philosophy [started] with the realization that the word is only a name, i.e. that it does not represent the true being.
This is precisely the intrusion of philosophical questions into the initially undisputed bias of the name.
Belief in words and doubt about words describe the problem situation in which the thinking of the Greek Enlightenment saw the relationship between word and thing. Through them, the model of the name becomes a counter-image. The name that you give, that you can change, motivates doubt about the truth of the word. Can one speak of the truth of names? But is it not necessary to speak of the truth of words, that is, to demand the unity of word and thing? And did not the most profound of all early thinkers, Heraclitus, not discover the profundity of the play on words? This is the background on which Plato's "Kratylos" rises, the basic script of Greek thought about language, which contains the whole range of problems (...).(1) >Word/Plato, >Names/Plato, >Language/Plato.
1. Their presentation in Hermann Steinthal, Die Geschichte der Sprachwissenschaft bei den Griechen und Römern mit besonderer Rücksicht auf die Logik, 1864, is still of great value (in the meantime, here is a book by K. Gaiser functioning as a representative: "Name und Sache in Platons Kratylos". (Treatise of the Heidelberg Academy of Sciences, Philos.-histor. Class Abh. 3, year 1974) Heidelberg 1974)_____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Wahrheit und Methode. Grundzüge einer philosophischen Hermeneutik 7. durchgesehene Auflage Tübingen 1960/2010
H. G. Gadamer
The Relevance of the Beautiful, London 1986
Die Aktualität des Schönen: Kunst als Spiel, Symbol und Fest Stuttgart 1977