Philosophy Dictionary of Arguments

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Politics: politics is a comprehensive expression for the public negotiation and establishment of orders which should be valid for a community or society. See also power, society, history.

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Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

 
Author Concept Summary/Quotes Sources

Ancient Philosophy on Politics - Dictionary of Arguments

Adorno XIII 233
Politics/philosophy/Antiquity/Adorno: the tyrannis as a ruling form of the entire Hellenistic age is treated in a philosophy like the Epicuran as if it were the condition humaine, a kind of basic constitution of humans themselves.
Problem: According to the traditional concept of metaphysics, philosophy - and this is one of its most disastrous inheritances - has always to do with the permanent, the unchangeable and the eternal.

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Gaus I 305
Politics/Ancient philosophy/Keyt/Miller: (...) there are a number of related pairs of opposites that set the parameters and provide the universal themes of Greek political thought. Two of them[are]: ruler and subject, and free and slave. >Coercion/Ancient philosophy.
Some others are concord (homonoia, literally 'like- mindedness') and faction (stasis), persuasion and force, justice and injustice, and nature (physis) and convention (nomos). The crucial distinction among these pairs of opposites for the philosopher or theorist interested
in the foundations of political thought is that between nature and convention, physis and nomos.
Nomos: Nomos stands to physis as the artificial, the manmade, stands to the real, and as common opinion stands to truth (Aristotle, Sophistici Elenchi 12.173a7—18).
Convention: Two stock examples of the conventional are money (Aristotle, Pol. I.9.1257bl0-17)
and the names of things - one's own name, for example (Plato, Crat. 384d). The idea that nomos
and physis are antithetical seems to have originated in the fifth century BC. Once it gained currency it set the terms for the discussion of ethical and political ideas. A favourite way of undermining the validity of something was to argue that it existed only by nomos and not by physis (Plato, Laws X.889e—890a). >Nomos/Ancient philosophy.


Keyt, David and Miller, Fred D. jr. 2004. „Ancient Greek Political Thought“. In: Gaus, Gerald F. & Kukathas, Chandran 2004. Handbook of Political Theory. SAGE Publications


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Ancient Philosophy
A I
Th. W. Adorno
Max Horkheimer
Dialektik der Aufklärung Frankfurt 1978

A II
Theodor W. Adorno
Negative Dialektik Frankfurt/M. 2000

A III
Theodor W. Adorno
Ästhetische Theorie Frankfurt/M. 1973

A IV
Theodor W. Adorno
Minima Moralia Frankfurt/M. 2003

A V
Theodor W. Adorno
Philosophie der neuen Musik Frankfurt/M. 1995

A VI
Theodor W. Adorno
Gesammelte Schriften, Band 5: Zur Metakritik der Erkenntnistheorie. Drei Studien zu Hegel Frankfurt/M. 1071

A VII
Theodor W. Adorno
Noten zur Literatur (I - IV) Frankfurt/M. 2002

A VIII
Theodor W. Adorno
Gesammelte Schriften in 20 Bänden: Band 2: Kierkegaard. Konstruktion des Ästhetischen Frankfurt/M. 2003

A IX
Theodor W. Adorno
Gesammelte Schriften in 20 Bänden: Band 8: Soziologische Schriften I Frankfurt/M. 2003

A XI
Theodor W. Adorno
Über Walter Benjamin Frankfurt/M. 1990

A XII
Theodor W. Adorno
Philosophische Terminologie Bd. 1 Frankfurt/M. 1973

A XIII
Theodor W. Adorno
Philosophische Terminologie Bd. 2 Frankfurt/M. 1974

Gaus I
Gerald F. Gaus
Chandran Kukathas
Handbook of Political Theory London 2004


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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2022-01-21
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