Philosophy Dictionary of Arguments

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Society: society is an expression for a group of people who are summarized under a particular characteristic and act according to their own laws, norms, principles and goals. The laws, values, norms and goals of a free society can be called into question by the people themselves. See also individuals, actions, history, goals, progress, law, natural justice.

Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Concept Summary/Quotes Sources

G.W.F. Hegel on Society - Dictionary of Arguments

Brocker I 792
Society/Hegel/Honneth: Hegel, on the other hand, combines the neoclassical ethical and moral basic orientation with a genuinely modern understanding of society. The decisive factor here is a) Hegel's modern realism adopted from the English national economy, which regards the conditions of a "market-mediated production and distribution of goods" integrated by formal law(1) as conditions; b) for Hegel, the moral conditions of a society "no longer result simply from the underlying nature of the human, but from a special type of relationship between them."(2) See >Intersubjectivity/Hegel, >Morality/Hegel, >Hegel/Honneth.

1. Axel Honneth, Kampf um Anerkennung. Zur moralischen Grammatik sozialer Konflikte, mit einem neuen Nachwort, Frankfurt/M. 2014 (zuerst 1992) S. 21
2. Ebenda S. 31

Hans-Jörg Sigwart, „Axel Honneth, Kampf um Anerkennung“, in: Manfred Brocker (Hg.) Geschichte des politischen Denkens. Das 20. Jahrhundert. Frankfurt/M. 2018

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Höffe I 336
Society/Hegel/Höffe: Hegel [contributes] to the foundation of the modern state (...) with the (...) formulation that the human counts because he/she is a human(1). To him belong juries, a public administration of justice, the emancipation of the Jews, and tolerance of sects. Modern is also Hegel's truly profound theory of >recognition, which rightly is thought of time and again until today, though seldom renewed in its multidimensional, not merely social-theoretical significance.
Monarchy: On the other hand, Hegel pleads for a (albeit constitutional) monarchy, rejects the newer understanding of popular sovereignty and allows a society structured along the lines of the estates.
Democracy/Republic/Hegel: Thus [Hegel] only half legitimizes the democratic constitutional state. He only justifies the constitutional state, not the democratic, or as in Kant: the republican side.
Economy: The integration of the economic world, of civil society, into legal and political theory is exemplary, as is the weight he gives to social and political institutions.

1. Hegel, Grundlinien der Philosophie des Rechts oder Naturrecht und Staatswissenschaft im Grundriss, 1820, § 209.

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

Brocker I
Manfred Brocker
Geschichte des politischen Denkens. Das 20. Jahrhundert Frankfurt/M. 2018

Höffe I
Otfried Höffe
Geschichte des politischen Denkens München 2016

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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2023-03-25
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