Philosophy Dictionary of Arguments

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Monism: monism is a collective term for theories that start from a single basic material or a basic principle, from which all phenomena that can be described in the subject area of the respective theory can be explained. Counter terms to monism are dualism and pluralism. See also materialism, physicalism, dualism, property dualism, anomalous monism.
Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Concept Summary/Quotes Sources

Baruch Spinoza on Monism - Dictionary of Arguments

Höffe I 231
Monism/Spinoza/Höffe: God is neither, as with Descartes, the guarantor of truth, nor, as with Pascal, as "God of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob", the object of religious belief (1). Not part of
Höffe I 232
philosophy of consciousness, but at the same time a philosophy of being, a philosophy of nature and a moral philosophy, God is considered the perfect and at the same time the only (Greek monos) substance.
, >R. Descartes, >B. Pascal.
This monism is supposed to solve the problems of Descartes' dichotomy, the dualism of two created substances, matter and spirit, or tripartite (in addition there is the uncreated God), by a systematic surprise attack:
The only substance that exists, God, is cause of itself (causa sui); the various basic forms of reality are nothing but attributes of God. This indwelling (immanence) of all things in God and God in all things amounts to a pantheism (All-God doctrine: God is everything and in everything). It excludes a transcendental concept of God that transcends the world and, although its system starts with a concept of God, it brings Spinoza the then almost fatal accusation of atheism.

1. Spinoza. Ethica ordine geometrico demonstrata, 1677

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

Spinoza I
B. Spinoza
Spinoza: Complete Works Indianapolis 2002

Höffe I
Otfried Höffe
Geschichte des politischen Denkens München 2016

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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2024-03-03
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