|Transitivity: here, we are concerned with the property of relations to be able to continue in the sense that if an a is in relation to a b and b is in relation to a c then a is in the same relation to c. Transitivity in sets means that an element of a subset is at the same time an element of the set containing this subset, or a subset M1 of a subset M2 is also a subset of the M2 containing set M3. See also relations._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
Transitivity/Keenan/Gärdenfors: Keenan (1984, p. 203) (1): notes that many transitive verbs require special types of patiens (patiens, objects), e.g. "to peel" requires objects with a special surface, "spill" requires liquids or relatively fine granules. In contrast, there are no verbs that limit the nature of the agents in a similar way.
(1) Keenan, E. J. (1984). Semantic correlates of the ergative/absolutive distinction. Linguistics, 22, 197–223._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
The Geometry of Meaning Cambridge 2014