Philosophy Dictionary of Arguments

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Karl Marx on Humans - Dictionary of Arguments

Höffe I 365
Humans/Marx/Höffe: [Marx] complains (...) that the worker becomes a commodity for the employer, and precisely for this reason, as a commodity, is no longer what he/she deserves to be as a human:
He/she no longer belongs to him- or herself, but to another, the capitalist(1).
Höffe I 364
Anthropology/Marx: The guiding concept is the concept of alienation known from Rousseau's social contract and Hegel's phenomenology of the mind: that the human becomes alien to his/her essence.
Alienation: Marx (...) plays through Hegel's complex dialectic for the "material", basic economic relationship, for the "hostile struggle between capitalist and worker". Like Hegel, (>Master-Slave dialectic/Hegel) Marx also ascribes to the first inferior, the slave, now the worker, the greater possibility of liberating him- or herself from alienation. In a captivating analysis, he blames the main obstacle to a better society, the private ownership of the means of production, for a fourfold alienation: alienation from the product of work, from the nature of work, from oneself as a worker and from society (...).


1. K. Marx, Ökonomisch-philosophische Manuskripte (1844) (Pariser Manuskripte)


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

Marx I
Karl Marx
Das Kapital, Kritik der politische Ökonomie Berlin 1957

Höffe I
Otfried Höffe
Geschichte des politischen Denkens München 2016


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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2021-06-21
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