|Pragmatism, philosophy: the philosophical pragmatism deals mainly with the effects of our actions in the world. In particular, in the direction of pragmatism represented by W. James, truth is conceived as something that has proved useful or will prove useful. See also ideal assertiveness, truth, Peirce, Dewey, Rorty, Putnam._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.