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Philosophical and Scientific Issues in Dispute

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Concepts   Authors

A priori
A-not B Error
Abduction
Ability
Aboutness
Absoluteness
Abstraction
Abstraction-Operator
Abstractness
Acceptability
Accessibility
Accidents
Acquaintance
Action Systems
Action Theory
Actions
Active/passive
Acts of Will
Actual World
Actualism
Actuality
Addition
Adequacy
Adjectives
Adolescence
Adoption Studies
Adorno
Adulthood
Adverbs
Aesthetics
Affect
Affectional Bond
Aggression
Aging
Agreeableness
Agreement
Alienation
All
Allostasis
Allport
Altruism
Alzheimer’s Disease
Ambiguity
Analog/Digital
Analogies
Analysis
Analytical Hypothesis
Analyticity/
Syntheticity
Anaphora
Ancient Philosophy
Animal Language
Animal Models
Animal Studies
Animals
Animism
Anomalous Monism
Answers
Anthropic Principle
Anthropocentrism
Anthropomorphism
Anti-Realism
Antiphon the Sophist
Anxiety
Appearance
Appraisal Theory
Arbitrariness
Argumentation
Argumentative Logic
Arguments
Aristocracy
Arithmetics
Arousal
Art
Articles
Artificial Consciousness
Artificial General Intelligence
Artificial Intelligence
Artworks
As if
Aspects
Assertibility
Assertibility Conditions
Assertions
Assertive Force
Assimilation
Association
Atomic Sentences
Atomism
Atoms
Attachment Theory
Attention
Attentional Control
Attitude-Semantics
Attitudes
Attitudes and Behavior
Attributes
Attribution
Attributive/
referential
Aura
Authority
Authorship
Autism
Average Utility
Awareness
Axioms


Babel Objection
Background
Backtracking
Baldwin Effect
Bandura
Barcan-Formula
Bare Truth
Baroque
Basic Concepts
Bayesianism
BBC Prison Study
Beauty
Beginning
Behavioral Syndromes
Behavioral System
Behaviorism
Being
Being a Bat
Belief Congruence
Belief Degrees
Belief States
Beliefs
Berkeley
Best Explanation
Biconditional
Biopolitics
Bivalence
Black Box
Body
Bolsheviks
Boolean Algebra
Bounded Optimality
Bourgeois/
Citizen
Brain
Brain Development
Brain/Brain State
Brains in a Vat
Bricolage
Bridge Laws
Bundle Theory
Bystander Effect


Calculability
Calculus
Callicles
Calvinism
Camps
Camus
Canonicalness
Capabilities
Capital Punishment
Carnap-Sentence
Cartesianism
Categorial Grammar
Categorical Imperative
Categorical Perception
Categoricalness
Categories
Categorization
Causal Dependence
Causal Explanation
Causal Laws
Causal Relation
Causal Role
Causal Theory of Knowledge
Causal Theory of Names
Causal Theory of Reference
Causation
Causes
Centered Worlds
Certainty
Ceteris paribus
Chance
Change
Chaos
Character
Chess
Chinese Room
Chomsky
Christian Church
Christianity
Church-Turing Thesis
Cinema
Circularity
Circumstances
Citizens
Civil Disobedience
Civil Rights
Civilization
Classes
Classification
Clauses
Coextensive
Cogito
Cognition
Cognitive Architecture
Cognitive Biases
Cognitive Development
Cognitive Dissonance
Cognitive Linguistics
Cognitive Neuroscience
Cognitive Psychology
Cognitive Rationality
Cognitivism/
Noncognitivism
Coherence
Coherence Theory
Cohesion
Coincidence
Colour
Commands
Common Ingroup Identity
Common Sense
Communication Media
Communication Theory
Communicative Action
Communicative Practice
Communicative Rationality
Communitarianism
Community
Comparability
Comparisons
Compassion
Compatibility
Competence
Completeness
Compositionality
Computation
Computer Games
Computer Languages
Computer Model
Computer Science
Conceivability
Concepts
Conceptual Content
Conceptual Nervous System
Conceptual Realism
Conceptual Role
Conceptual Schemes
Conceptual Space
Conceptualism
Conclusions
Conditional
Conditional Probability
Conditioning
Conditions
Conditions of Satisfaction
Conformity
Confucianism
Congruence
Conjunction
Connectionism
Connectives
Connotation
Conscientiousness
Consequence
Consequentialism
Conservativity
Consistency
Constants
Constituents
Constructivism
Content
Contingency
Continuants
Continuity
Continuum
Continuum Hypothesis
Contradictions
Control
Control Processes
Convention T
Conventionalism
Conventions
Convergence
Conversion Theory
Copenhagen Interpretation
Copula
Coreference
Correctness
Correspondence
Correspondence Theory
Counter-Enlightenment
Counterfactual Conditionals
Counterfactual Dependence
Counterfactuals
Counterpart Relation
Counterpart Theory
Counterparts
Court Proceedings
Covariance
Covering Laws
Creationism
Creativity
Criteria
Critias
Critical Theory
Critique
Cross World Identity
Cross-Cultural Communication
Crowd Psychology
Cultural Differences
Cultural Freedom
Cultural Industry
Cultural Psychology
Cultural Relativism
Cultural Tools
Cultural Tradition
Cultural Values
Culture Shift
Customs/Morality
Cybernetics


Darwinism
de dicto
de re
de se
Death
Decidability
Decision Theory
Decision-making Processes
Decisionism
Decisions
Deduction
Deduction Theorem
Deep Learning
Deep Structure
Definability
Definiteness
Definitions
Deflationism
Degrees of Freedom
Degrees, graduals
Deism
Deletion
Dementia
Demonstration
Demonstratives
Denotation
Deontology
Dependence
Depression
Derivability
Derivation
Description Levels
Description Theory
Description-Dependence
Descriptions
Designation
Desire
Determinates/
Determinables
Determinism
Developmental Psychology
Dewey
Dialectic
Dialetheism
Dialogical Logic
Dictatorship
Differential Psychology
Dignity
Dimensions
Discontinuity
Discourse
Discoveries
Disenchantment
Disjunction
Dispositions
Disquotationalism
Dissimilarity
Dissonance Theory
Distinctions
Distinctiveness
Distribution
Distribution Function
Domains
Donkey Sentences
Dostoevsky
Double Contingency
Doubts
Dreams
Drives
Drives/Instincts
Drugs
Dualism
Duty
Dying
Dynamic Systems
Dyslexia


Each/All/Every
Early Childhood
Ecological Imperative
Economic Systems
Ecosystemic Approach
Ecosystems
Effect
Egocentrism
Egoism
Electron Example
Element Relation
Elimination
Elm/Beech Example
Embedding
Emergence
Emotion System
Emotional Intelligence
Emotions
Emotivism
Empathy
Empirical Content
Empirical Meaning
Empiricism
Empty Set
Encoding
End of History
Endophenotype
Endurantism
Energy
Enlightenment
Entailment
Envy
Epicurus
Epiphenomenalism
Epistemic Logic
Epistemic/
ontologic
Epistemology
Equal Opportunities
Equal Sign
Equations
Equivalence
Equivalence Class
Equivalence Principle
Errors
Ersatz Worlds
Essence
Essentialism
Eternity
Ethic of Conviction
Euclid
Euthyphro
Events
Everyday Language
Everything he said is true
Evidence
Evolution
Exaptation
Excluded Middle
Exemplification
Existence
Existence Predicate
Existence Statements
Existential Generalization
Existential Quantification
Expansion
Expectancies
Expectations
Experience
Explanation
Expressions
Extensionality
Extensions
Exterior/
interior
Externalism
Extinction
Extraversion
Extrinsic


Facts
Fairness
False-Belief Task
Falsification
Family
Fascism
Fatalism
Fear
Features
Feedback
Fictions
Fido-Fido-Principle
Fields
Fine-grained/
coarse-grained
Finiteness
First Person
Fitness Landscape
Five-Factor Model
Fixed Points
Flux
Folk Psychology
Forces
Forensic Interviews
Forgeries
Formal Language
Formal Speech
Formalism
Formalization
Forms
Forms of Thinking
Foundation
Four-Dimensionalism
Frame Problem
Frame Theories
Free Will
Freedom of the Press
Fregean Sense
Friendship
Functional Calculus
Functional Explanation
Functional Role
Functionalism
Functions
Functors
Fundamental Rights


Game-theoretical Semantics
Gavagai
Gender
Gender Identity
General Terms
Generality
Generalization
Generative Grammar
Genes
Genetic Algorithms
Genetic Programming
Genetic Variation
Geology
Geometry
Gerrymandering
Gestalt Psychology
Gestalt Theory
Gestures
Given
Globalization
Goals
God
Goedel
Goedel Numbers
Goethe
Good
Gorgias
Governance
Government
Gradualism
Grammar
Gravitation
Greenhouse Effect
Grice
Grief
Group Behavior
Group Cohesion
Groupthink
Grue


Haecceitism
Happiness
He/ He himself
Heat (Physics)
Hedonism
Hegel
Helping Behavior
Heraclitus
Heritability
Hermeneutics
Hetero-Phenomenology
Heterology
Hierarchies
Hilbert
Hippias of Elis
Historicism
History of Consciousness
Hobbes
Holiness
Holism
Homophony
Honesty
Hopeful Monsters
Horkheimer
Hospitalism
Human Level AI
Human Machine Communication
Human Sexuality
Humanities
Humboldt, Wilhelm von
Humean World
Hyperintensionality
Hypertext
Hypostasis
Hypotheses


I Think (Ich denke)
I, Ego, Self
Icons
Ideal Observer
Ideal Speech Community
Idealism
Idealization
Ideas
Identification
Identity Conditions
Identity Theory
Idiolect
Illocutionary Acts
Illusion
Illusory Correlation
Images
Imaginary Numbers
Imagination
Imitation
Immanence
Immunization
Impartiality
Imperatives
Implication
Implication Paradox
Implication, strict
Implicature
Impossible World
Impredicativeness
Inclusion
Incommensurability
Incomplete Symbols
Incompleteness
Incorrigibility
Independence
Indeterminacy
Index Words
Indexicality
Indirect Speech
Indiscernibility
Indistinguishability
Individual Calculus
Individual Causation
Individual Constants
Individualism
Individuation
Induction
Inference
Inferential Content
Inferential Role
Inferentialism
Infinitesimal Calculus
Infinity
Infinity Axiom
Inflationism
Information Processing
Inheritance
Injustice
Innateness
Inner World
Inscrutability of reference
Inserting
Instantiation
Institutionalisation
Instrumental Reason
Instrumentalism
Intelligence
Intelligence Tests
Intensional Logic
Intensional Objects
Intensionality
Intensions
Intention-Based Semantics
Intentionality
Intentions
Interaction
Interactionism
Internal Realism
Internal/
external
Internalisation
Internalism
Internet Culture
Interpenetration
Interpretation
Intersubjectivity
Intrinsicness
Introduction
Introspection
Introversion
Intuitionism
Invariants
Inverted Spectra
Involving
Irony
Irrationality
Irreducibility
Is
Islam
Isolation
Isomorphism


Jensen
Jesus
Jigsaw Method
Judaism
Judgments
Junctions
Juridification
Jurisprudence
Justification


Kafka
Kant
King Midas Problem
Knowing
Knowledge how
Knowledge Representation
Kohlberg
Kripke Semantics
Kripke’s Wittgenstein


Lamarckism
Lambda Calculus
Lambda-Abstraction
Language
Language Acquisition
Language and Thought
Language Behavior
Language Development
Language Evolution
Language Games
Language Production
Language Rules
Langue
Lateralization of the Brain
Law Statements
Lawlikeness
Laws
Laws of Robotics
Laws, fundamental
Laws, functional
Leadership
Learning Theory
Legal Positivism
Legislation
Legitimacy
Legitimation
Leibniz Principle
Lemons Example
Levels (Order)
Levinson
Lexical Hypothesis
Lexical Studies
Lexicon
Liberation Theology
Life
Lifeworld
Likelihood
Limits
Linear Programming
Linguistic View
Linguisticism
Linguistics
Lists
Literal Truth
Literature
Local Minimum
Local/global
Loewenheim
Logic
Logical Constants
Logical Form
Logical Knowledge
Logical Necessity
Logical Possibility
Logical Proper Names
Logical Space
Logical Truth
Logos
Love


Machine Learning
Magical Thinking
Manifestation
Map Example
Marx
Mass Culture
Mass Terms
Master-Slave Dialectic
Material Speech
Materialism
Mathematical Entities
Mathematics
Matter
Maximin Rule
Maximum
Maxwell’s Demon
Meaning (Intending)
Meaning Change
Meaning Holism
Meaning Postulates
Meaning Theory
Meaningless/
senseless
Memes
Mental States
Mentalese
Mentalism
Mention
Mereology
Meritocracy
Message
Metalanguage
Metaphors
Metaphysical Possibility
Metaphysics
Methodological Solipsism
Metonymy
Microstructure
Midlife Crisis
Milgram Experiment
Mimicry
Mind
Mind Body Problem
Mind-Dependence
Minimal Group
Minimalism
Minimax Algorithm
Minorities
Mirror Neurons
Mistake Mention/
Use
Mistakes
Modal Logic
Modal Operators
Modal Properties
Modal Realism
Modalities
Model Theory
Modernism
Molecular Genetic Studies
Molecular Genetics
Monism
Montague Semantics
Moore's Hands
Moral Realism
Moral Theory
Morality
Morning Star/
Evening Star
Morphemes
Moscovici
Motherese
Motion
Motivation
Motives
Multi-valued Logic
Music
Mysticism
Myth


Naming
Natural Constants
Natural Deduction
Natural Duties
Natural Justice
Natural Kinds
Natural Laws
Natural Sciences
Naturalism
Naturalistic Fallacy
Naturalized Epistemology
Nature
Nature versus Nurture
Necessity
Necessity de re
Negation
Neo-Kantianism
Neoteny
Neural Networks
Neurobiology
Neuroimaging
Neurolinguistics
Neurophilosophy
Neuroticism
Newcomb’s Paradox
Nietzsche
Nobody, Some
Noise
Nominalism
Nomos
Nomothetic/
idiographic
Non-Existence
Nonfactualism
Nouns
Now
NP-Completeness
Number of (Amount)
Number Theory
Numbers
Numerals


Obedience
Object
Object Categories
Object Language
Object Permanence
Objective Mind
Objectivity
Objects (Material Things)
Objects of Belief
Objects of Thought
Obligations
Observability
Observation
Observation Language
Observation Sentences
Oikos
Omnipotence
Omniscience
One (Number 1)
Online Search
Ontological Commitment
Ontological Dependence
Ontological Difference
Ontological Relativity
Ontology
Opacity
Openness
Operational Thinking
Operationalism
Operators
Optimization
Ordinal Numbers
Ostension
Other Minds
Ousia
Outer World
Overdetermination


Pacifism
Pain
Painting
Panpsychism
Paradoxes
Paratactic Analysis
Parent-Child Relationship
Parmenides
Parole
Part-of-Relation
Partial Identity
Particularization
Particulars
Parts
Pascal
Past
Path Dependence
Peer Relationships
Pegasus Example
People
Perception
Perdurantism
Perfection
Perfectionism
Performance
Periods of Development
Perlocutionary Acts
Person
Personality
Personality in Animals
Personality Psychology
Personality System
Personality Traits
Personality Types
Perspective
Phenomena
Phenomenalism
Phenomenology
Philosophy
Philosophy of Consciousness
Philosophy of History
Philosophy of Science
Phonemes
Phonetics
Phrase Structure Grammar
Phylogenetics
Physical Health
Physical/Psychic
Physicalism
Physics
Physis
Piaget
Picture (Image)
Picture (Mapping)
Picture Theory
Pierre (Londres-Example)
Planets Example
Plasticity
Platonism
Play (Psychology)
Pluralism
Poiesis
Pointing
Polis
Political Representation
Political System
Pollock’s Gas Chamber
Polysemy
Population Growth
Positive Psychology
Positivism
Possibilia
Possibilism
Possibility
Possible World Semantics
Possible Worlds
Post-Democracy
Postmodernism
Postulates
Practical Inference
Practical Syllogism
Practise
Pragmatics
Pragmatism
Prague Linguistic Circle
Predicates
Predication
Predicativeness
Preference Utilitarianism
Prejudice
Premisses
Prenatal Learning
Prepositions
Prescriptivism
Presence
Present
Presuppositions
Principle of Charity
Priorities
Private Language
Privileged Access
Probability
Probability Conditional
Probability Distribution
Probability Function
Problem Solving
Problems
Procedural Justice
Procedural Rationality
Process/Flux
Prodicus of Ceos
Productive Forces
Professional Ethics
Promises
Pronoun of Laziness
Pronouns
Proof of God’s Existence
Proof Theory
Proofs
Propensities
Proper Names
Properties
Property Dualism
Proportions
Propositional Attitudes
Propositional Content
Propositional Functions
Propositional Knowledge
Propositional Logic
Propositions
Proprioception
Prosentential Theory
Protagoras
Protestant Ethics
Protocol Sentences
Prototypes
Provability
Proximal Theory
Proxy
Proxy Function
Psychoanalysis
Psychodynamics
Psychological Anthropology
Psychological Development
Psychological Needs
Psychological Resilience
Psychological Stress
Psychological Universals
Public Opinion
Punishment
Purposes
Purposive Action


Qua-Objects
Qualia
Qualities
Quantification
Quantifiers
Quantities
Quantities (Physics)
Quantum Mechanics
Quasi-Analysis
Quasi-Indicator
Quasi-Quotation
Quasi-Universals
Questions
Quidditism
Quine
Quine Duhem Thesis
Quotation Marks
Quote/Disquotation


Rabbit-Duck-Head
Radical Interpretation
Ramsey Sentence
Randomness
Rank
Rational Reconstruction
Rationalism
Rationalization
Rawls
Reaction Range
Reaction Time
Reading Acquisition
Real Numbers
Reality
Reason
Reason (Justification)
Reason/Cause
Reasons
Recursion
Reduction
Redundancy Theory
Reference
Reference Classes
Reference Semantics
Reference Systems
Referential Quantification
Reflection
Reflective Equilibrium
Reformation
Refugees
Regress
Regularities
Regularity Theory
Reification
Reinforcement
Reinforcement Learning
Reinforcement Sensitivity
Relation-Theory
Relationism
Relations
Relations of Production
Relative Clauses
Relative Terms
Relativism
Relativization
Relevance
Reliability Theory
Religion
Religious Belief
Religious Liberty
Renaissance
Repetition
Representation
Representation (Presentation)
Reproduction
Res cogitans
Resentment
Resistance (Psychology)
Resource Theory
Resources
Response
Responsibility
Retirement
Reversibility
Rhetoric
Riemann
Rigidity
Risk Perception
Rites
Robbers Cave Experiment
Robot Rights
Robots
Roles
Round Square
Rule Following
Rule of Law
Rules
Russell’s Paradox
Rylean Ancestors


S 4 / S 5
Sade
Satisfaction
Satisfiability
Saving
Schematic Letters
Scheme/Content
Schizophrenia
Scholasticism
School Entry
Scientism
Scope
Search Algorithms
Second Intention
Second Nature
Second Order Logic, HOL
Secularization
Seeing
Selection Function
Selective Attention
Self
Self- Ascription
Self- Consciousness
Self- Identification
Self- Reference
Self-Description
Self-Determination
Self-Esteem
Self-Knowledge
Self-Regulation
Self-Regulation (Psychology)
Self-Replication
Self-Respect
Self-Talk
Semantic Ascent
Semantic Categories
Semantic Closure
Semantic Content
Semantic Facts
Semantic Holism
Semantic Maps
Semantic Value
Semantic Web
Semantics
Semiology
Sensations
Sense Data Theory
Sensible/
senseless
Sensory Impressions
Sensualism
Sentence Formation
Sentence Meaning
Sentences
Sequences
Set Theory
Sets
Sex Differences
Sexual Abuse
Sexuality
Ship of Theseus
Signals
Significance
Signs
Similarity
Similarity Metrics
Simplicity
Simplification
Simpson’s Paradox
Simulacrum
Simulated Annealing
Simulation
Singular Terms
Singularity
Situation Semantics
Situations
Skepticism
Slingshot Argument
Social Behavior
Social Cognition
Social Comparison Theory
Social Constructivism
Social Contract
Social Darwinism
Social Development
Social Dominance
Social Facilitation
Social Groups
Social Identity
Social Identity Theory
Social Influence
Social Law
Social Learning
Social Loafing
Social Minimum
Social Psychology
Social Relations
Social Skills
Social Status
Social Theory
Social World
Socialization
Society
Sociobiology
Sociology
Sociology of Knowledge
Socrates
Software Agents
Solipsism
Somatic Diseases
Someone
Sophism
Sophists
Sorites
Sortals
Soul
Space Time
Speaker Meaning
Speciecism
Species
Speech Act Theory
Spinoza
Spirit
Spiritualism
Spirituality
Spontaneity
Stability
Stages of Development
Stanford Prison Experiment
State Capitalism
Statements
States
States of Affairs
States of Mind
Statue/Clay
Stereotype Threat
Stereotypes
Stimuli
Stimulus Meaning
Stoicism
Strange Situation
Strategies
Strength of Theories
Strong Artificial Intelligence
Structural Violence
Structuralism
Structures
Style
Subject-Object Problem
Subjectivism
Subjectivity
Subjunctive Conditionals
Subsentential
Subsets
Substance
Substantivalism
Substitution
Substitution (Insertion)
Substitutional Quantification
Substratum
Subsystems
Success
Suffering
Sufficiency
Sugar Trail Example
Suggestibility
Sum, mereological
Superhuman
Superintelligence
Superposition
Supervaluation
Supervenience
Surface Structure
Syllogisms
Symbolic Communication
Symbolic Interactionism
Symbolic Learning
Symbolic Play
Symbolic Reference
Symbolic Representation
Symbols
Symmetries
Sympathy
Symptoms
Synonymy
Syntagma
Syntax
Synthesis
Syntheticity
System Justification Theory
System Theory
Systems Analysis


Tarski
Tautologies
Taxonomy
Technocracy
Teleology
Temperament
Term Scope
Terms
Texts
That
That-Clauses
Theodicy
Theology
Theoretical Entities
Theoretical Terms
Theory of Mind
Theory of Relativity
There is (/
Existence)
Thing in itself
Thinking
Thought Experiments
Thoughts
Thrasymachus
Threats to Development
Time
Time Reversal
Time Travel
Timelessness
Token-Physicalism
Toleration
Tolstoy
Totality
Trade
Trade Policies
Tradition
Trancendence
Transactional Models
Transcendentals
Transformational Grammar
Transitivity
Translation Holism
Triangulation
Trolley Problem
Trust
Truth
Truth Conditions
Truth Content
Truth Definition
Truth Functions
Truth Predicate
Truth Tables
Truth Theory
Truth Value Agglomeration
Truth Value Gaps
Truth Values
Truth-Based Semantics
Truthconditional Semantics
Truthfulness
Truthmakers
Turing-Machine
Turing-Test
Twin Earth
Twin Studies
Two Dogmas
Two Omniscient Gods
Twodimensional Semantics
Type /Token Identity
Type Theory
Type/Token
Tyranny


Ultimate Justification
Unambiguity
Uncertainty Principle
Unconscious
Underdetermination
Understanding
Unicorn Example
Unintended Models
Unit Set
Unity
Universal Generalization
Universal Grammar
Universal History
Universal Instantiation
Universal Quantification
Universal Sentence
Universal Set
Universal Validity
Universalism
Universals
Universe
Unobservables
Use
Use Theory
Utilitarianism
Utopianism
Utterances


Vagueness
Validity
Validity Claims
Valuation
Value Alignment
Value Judgments
Value Rationality
Value Spheres
Values
Variables
Variation
Vectors
Veil of Ignorance
Verbs
Verification
Verification (Confirmation)
Verificationism
Verstehen (Sociology)
Virtual Reality
Visual Cliff
Vitalism
Vocabulary


Way of Givenness
Weak Will
Weber
Weimar Republic
Weizenbaum
Western Rationalism
Wholes
Wiener
Will
Wittgenstein
Word Classes
Word Meaning
Words
Work
Working Memory
Working Models
World
World Lines
World Negation
World Order
World Views
World/Thinking
Writing System


Youth Culture


Zeno
Zero
Zombies