Dictionary of Arguments

Philosophical and Scientific Issues in Dispute

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Disputed term/author/ism Author
Discourse Jakobson Ricoeur II 15
Discourse/language/communication/Jakobson/Ricoeur: Some linguists have attempted to reformulate all the functions of language as variables within an all encompassing model for which communication is the key. Roman Jakobson(1), for example, starts from the threefold relation between speaker, hearer, and message, then adds three other complementary factors which enrich his model. These are code,
contact, and context. On the basis of this six factor system he establishes a six function schema.
To the speaker corresponds the emotive function, to the hearer the conative, to the message the poetic function.
The code designates the metalinguistic function, while the contact and the context are the bearers of the phatic and the referential functions.
Ricoeur: This model is interesting in that it
(1) describes discourse directly and not as a residue of language;
(2) describes a structure of discourse and not only an irrational event; and
(3) it subordinates the code function to the connecting operation of communication.
RicoeurVsJakobson: But in turn this model calls for a philosophical investigation, which may be provided by the dialectic of event and meaning. >Discourse/Ricoeur.

1. R. Jakobson, „Linguistics and Poetics“. In: T. A. Sebeok (ed.), Style in Language (Cambridge: Mas
sachusetts Institute of Technology Press, 1960), pp. 350-377.

Jakobson I
Roman Jakobson
Fundamentals of Language 2011

Ricoeur I
Paul Ricoeur
De L’interprétation. Essai sur Sigmund Freud
German Edition:
Die Interpretation. Ein Versuch über Freud Frankfurt/M. 1999

Ricoeur II
Paul Ricoeur
Interpretation theory: discourse and the surplus of meaning Fort Worth 1976

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