Dictionary of Arguments

Philosophical and Scientific Issues in Dispute

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Disputed term/author/ism Author
Economic Cycle Keynesianism Mause I 226
Economy/Keynesianism: In the sense of Keynesian approaches, economic fluctuations can be on the demand side of the goods markets if the spending decisions of companies and private households are driven by uncertainty and exuberance (so-called animal spirits by Keynes). Income distribution can also influence demand for goods, for example if the upper income groups have a lower marginal selling tendency than the lower income groups. (1) See Supply/Neoclassical Economics. Keynesian models justify economic cycles by the inherent instability of the private sector (fluctuations in private consumption and investment demand, in net exports and demand for money). In the event of underutilization of production capacities due to low demand, the central bank or the government should intervene to stabilise demand through a mix of interest rate cuts, tax cuts and higher spending (so-called expansive monetary and fiscal policy). See Economy/Neoclassical Theory. KeynesianismVsNeoclassical Economics).

1. Behringer, Jan, Christian A. Belabed, Thomas Theobald, und Till van Treeck. Einkommensverteilung, Finanzialisierung und makroökonomische Ungleichgewichte. Vierteljahreshefte zur Wirtschaftsforschung 82 (4), 2013, p. 203– 221.

Mause I
Karsten Mause
Christian Müller
Klaus Schubert,
Politik und Wirtschaft: Ein integratives Kompendium Wiesbaden 2018
Neoclassical Economics Sen Brocker I 881
Neoclassical Economics/SenVsNeoclassics: Sen is directed against all tendencies in economics to describe the world as quasi-science with mechanistic models.(1) There was nothing against the premise of rationality, but against the assumption of an omnipresent selfishness.(2)
I 882
Neither egoism nor altruism can be assumed.(3) However, this altruism is reinterpreted by some authors: >Altruism/Becker.
I 882
SenVsNeoclassical Economics: 2. VsMathematizability: The program of quantitative maximization is based on the assumption of commensurability of all utility functions. This presupposes the exchangeability of all goods and services. According to Sen, however, this is not the case. People constantly aim at different and often completely incommensurable (hedonistic as well as moral, material as well as ideal and practical as well as aesthetic etc.) goods at the same time and weigh them flexibly, which should have priority in each case. >Actions/Sen, >Markets/Sen.

1. Amartya Sen, Ökonomie für den Menschen. Wege zu Gerechtigkeit und Solidarität in der Marktwirtschaft, München 2000, S. 101f.
2. Ebenda S. 147
3. Ebenda S. 332

Claus Dierksmeier, „Amartya Sen, Ökonomie für den Menschen (1999)“ in: Manfred Brocker (Hg.) Geschichte des politischen Denkens. Das 20. Jahrhundert. Frankfurt/M. 2018

EconSen I
Amartya Sen
Collective Choice and Social Welfare: Expanded Edition London 2017

Brocker I
Manfred Brocker
Geschichte des politischen Denkens. Das 20. Jahrhundert Frankfurt/M. 2018