Dictionary of Arguments

Philosophical and Scientific Issues in Dispute

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Disputed term/author/ism Author
Neurobiology Matthews Corr I 417
Neurobiology/personality psychology/MatthewsVsNeurobiology/Matthews: biological theories are vulnerable to two types of difficulty. 1) Although they identify important moderator factors including arousal and motivation, predictions of the theories have often been disconfirmed (Matthews and Gilliland 1999)(1).
>Theories, >Prediction, >Method, >Arousal, >Motivation.
2) It is questionable whether, in principle, biological theories are even capable of explaining the variation of personality effects with information-processing demands – (cognitive patternings). (The issue, of course, is the extent to which the cognitive can be reduced to the physical.)
>Information processing, >Personality.
Personality effects that are not mediated by symbolic processes including language may be most readily described in terms of neurological functioning. Examples are individual differences in conditioning and in the startle reflex (Corr 2002)(2).

1. Matthews, G. and Gilliland, K. 1999. The personality theories of H. J. Eysenck and J. A. Gray: a comparative review, Personality and Individual Differences 26: 583–626
2. Corr, P. J. 2002. J. A. Gray’s Reinforcement Sensitivity Theory: tests of the joint subsystems hypothesis of anxiety and impulsivity, Personality and Individual Differences 33: 511–32

Gerald Matthews, „ Personality and performance: cognitive processes and models“, in: Corr, Ph. J. & Matthews, G. (eds.) 2009. The Cambridge handbook of Personality Psychology. New York: Cambridge University Press

Corr I
Philip J. Corr
Gerald Matthews
The Cambridge Handbook of Personality Psychology New York 2009

Corr II
Philip J. Corr (Ed.)
Personality and Individual Differences - Revisiting the classical studies Singapore, Washington DC, Melbourne 2018

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