|Mind||Freud||Chalmers I 13
Mind/Freud/Chalmers: after Wilhelm Wundt and William James had in a Cartesian way developed psychological theories using introspection to explain behaviour, making phenomenology the arbiter of psychology, Sigmund Freud solidified the idea that many activities of the mind are unconscious. FreudVsWundt.
Vorlesungen zur Einführung in die Psychoanalyse Hamburg 2011
The Conscious Mind Oxford New York 1996
Constructing the World Oxford 2014
|Technology||Wu||Morozov I 57
Technology/IT/Internet/Tim Wu/Morozov: Tim Wu's book "The Master Switch" (1) is an annoying example of Internet centrism: he tries to compare all sorts of technologies with each other: Telegraphy, telephone,...
...Radio, cinema, television etc. In doing so, one should be aware of how difficult it is to grasp the past with one's own concepts and not to understand everything from the past as something quasi-factual that could be useful for the interpretation of practically everything in the present. Wu thesis: there is something specific to the information industry, namely that it is dominated by "information conquerors" like Steve Jobs. These conquerors create a "cycle" by negotiating with and receiving protection from the government.
Solution/Wu: One should prohibit these technology companies from structuring themselves vertically - in other words, prohibiting companies that produce information from owning or creating the infrastructure for its dissemination, and vice versa. Wu thesis: the influence of governments was mostly harmful to the development of the information industry. Both big business and government should stay out of the information industry.
MorozovVsWu: it is another one of those theory with which one can explain everything. Wu neglects those information industries - such as letterpress - in which no "information conquerors" have developed. There is also enough evidence outside the United States that such conquerors have also done good things.
1. Tim Wu, The Master Switch: The Rise and Fall of Information Empires, reprint ed. (New York: Vintage, 2011).
To Save Everything, Click Here: The Folly of Technological Solutionism New York 2014