Dictionary of Arguments


Philosophical and Scientific Issues in Dispute
 
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Ibn Tufail Höffe Höffe I 132
Ibn Tufail/Höffe: Abu Bakr Ibn Tufail (Abubacer, c. 1110-1185), the personal physician of Caliph Abu Yaqub Yusuf (1163-1184), wrote probably the most famous philosophical text in Arabic, a philosophical Robinson novel: From the Living, the Son of the Guard (Hayy ibn Yaqzan), English: The journey of the soul: the story of Hai bin Yaqzan. In contrast to Defoe's adventure novel, however, Ibn Tufail's "Robinson" tells the step-by-step
Ascent to language acquisition and finally to true knowledge, even immersion in God.
Ernst Bloch: for Bloch the protagonist Hayy was a mixture of Abraham and Kant.
Solipsism: [The hero] goes his mental path completely alone. Only by means of his own mind does he learn the most hidden secrets of the sciences, even that there is only one God, who is perfect, omnipotent, omniscient and merciful.
Anthropology/Ibn TufailVsal-Farabi: With this self-willed solipsism
Höffe I 133
Ibn Tufail contradicts the almost everywhere prevailing anthropology, which is also represented in al-Farabi's excellent state (Chapter 15): Man does not appear, at least spiritually, as a political, not even a social being.


Höffe I
Otfried Höffe
Geschichte des politischen Denkens München 2016