Dictionary of Arguments

Philosophical and Scientific Issues in Dispute

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Disputed term/author/ism Author
Dualism Pauen Pauen I 35
Dualism/Pauen: two types of states that can also occur independently - interactionist dualism: mutual influence: Descartes (>Dualism/Descartes), >Eccles/Popper. - >Property dualism: certain neural processes have not only their physical characteristics but additionally also mental characteristics that are theoretically independent of the neural - Typical theory: computer analogy (>Computation), >Martians, etc.
I 60
Consciousness as an autonomous property.
I 38
Dualism/Pauen: 1. explanation for the uniformity of our experiences in light of the diversity of physical realizations (> Multiple realization). Integration performance of the free mind - 2. Explanation of >free will.
I 39
3. Pro dualism: VsMonism: Problem of qualitative varied experience by uniform activity of nerve cells
I 56
VsDualismus: has no concrete research subject.
I 44
Descartes/Pauen: the distinction of substances can be justified by the imaginability of such a distinction. The argument still plays an important role today: - Kripke uses it as the basis for its objection VsIdentifikation of mental and neural processes. (>Identity Theory).

Pauen I
M. Pauen
Grundprobleme der Philosophie des Geistes Frankfurt 2001