Dictionary of Arguments

Philosophical and Scientific Issues in Dispute

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Geographical Factors Montesquieu Acemoglu I 48
Geographical Hypothesis/Montesquieu/Acemoglu/Robinson: As early as the late eighteenth century, the great French political philosopher Montesquieu noted the geographic concentration of prosperity and poverty, and proposed an explanation for it. He argued that people in tropical climates tended to be lazy and to lack inquisitiveness. As a consequence, they didn’t work hard and were not innovative, and this was the reason why they were poor. Montesquieu also speculated that lazy people tended to be ruled by despots, suggesting that a tropical location could explain not just poverty but also some of the political phenomena associated with economic failure, such as dictatorship. AcemogluVsMontesquieu: >Geographical Factors/Acemoglu, >Geographical factors/Sachs.

Monte I
Charles-Louis de Secondat, Baron de Montesquieu
De l’esprit des lois, Paris 1748
German Edition:
Vom Geist der Gesetze Stuttgart 2011

Acemoglu II
James A. Acemoglu
James A. Robinson
Economic origins of dictatorship and democracy Cambridge 2006

Acemoglu I
James A. Acemoglu
James A. Robinson
Why nations fail. The origins of power, prosperity, and poverty New York 2012
Institutions Voltaire Höffe I 263
Institutions/VoltaireVsMontesquieu/Voltaire/Höffe: Unlike Montesquieu, whom Rousseau holds in high esteem, Voltaire has hardly any sense for institutions. He laughs at the plan for eternal peace in Europe as an unworldly rhapsody, because he is building on a political illusion, a European League of Nations.
Voltaire relies only on growing tolerance and the pressure of public opinion.
>Institutions, >Peace, >Utopianism, >Utopia, >Toleration.

Höffe I
Otfried Höffe
Geschichte des politischen Denkens München 2016