Dictionary of Arguments


Philosophical and Scientific Issues in Dispute
 
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Disputed term/author/ism Author
Entry
Reference
Democracy Trotsky Brocker I 214
Democracy/Trotzky: far from rejecting a policy of industrialisation. But he, who had himself been an advocate and executor of terrorist measures in the self-assertion of Bolshevik Russia, now stressed that after the victory of the revolution, terror must be renounced. After ten years of justifying the Bolshevik party model against his own earlier reservations, he now took the view that a victorious party should need intra-party democracy and should allow disagreement up to oppositional currents in its ranks. For Trotsky, however, bourgeois parliamentary democracy - at least in Russia - was still little more than a dictatorship of the bourgeoisie "forced to preserve pseudo-democratic forms after the victory over the proletariat". (1) VsTrotsky: Trotsky's contemporary and later critics countered that his understanding of democracy and dictatorship was basically no different from that of Stalin. Indeed, Trotsky long understood the socialist-communist order as an educational dictatorship, which he justified above all with the worldwide resistance of the classes defeated in Russia.
TrotskyVsStalin: What always separated him from Stalin was a firm refusal to see the party's enemy in the comrade, who had a different opinion. (2)


1.Leo Trotzki, »Ergebnisse und Perspektiven. Die treibenden Kräfte der Revolution« [1906], in: ders., Die permanente Revolution. Ergebnisse und Perspektiven, Essen 2016, 15-107.
2.Ebenda S. 132.

Mario Keßler, „Leo Trotzki, Die permanente Revolution (1930)“ in: Manfred Brocker (Hg.) Geschichte des politischen Denkens. Das 20. Jahrhundert. Frankfurt/M. 2018.


Brocker I
Manfred Brocker
Geschichte des politischen Denkens. Das 20. Jahrhundert Frankfurt/M. 2018
Revolution Trotsky Brocker I 206
Revolution/Trotzky: Thesis: If the revolutionary dynamic does not spread to other more highly developed countries ((s) than Russia), the experiment of the working class taking control of the production and distribution of wealth is doomed to failure. (1) (TrotskyVsStalin). Trotsky developed a two-stage scheme of the Russian Revolution: First, the landowner nobility as a social class was to be overcome by comprehensive land reform, then the economic rule of the capitalist class was to be broken by the transfer of industry and banks into public ownership and by a state monopoly on foreign trade. Workers' councils, the Soviets, which were to be supported by the peasants, served as a political instrument for carrying out these tasks. Since the de facto division of the Russian social democracy in 1903, the Mensheviks have maintained that the bourgeoisie must first overthrow the tsar regime and complete the tasks of the bourgeois revolution. See Socialism/Trotzky.
Brocker I 210
Permanent Revolution/Trotzky: Within [the] development, one transformation stage of society emerges from the other. "Outbreaks of civil wars and external wars alternate with periods of 'peaceful' reform. Revolutions of the economy, technology, science, family, customs and traditions develop in complicated interactions and do not allow society to strike a balance. This is the permanent character of socialist revolution as such. (2) This revolutionary process goes beyond the national framework of even the largest country. Like capitalism, socialism could only exist as a world system, and the theory of permanent revolution necessarily goes hand in hand with socialist internationalism.

1.Leo Trotzki, »Ergebnisse und Perspektiven. Die treibenden Kräfte der Revolution« [1906], in: ders., Die permanente Revolution. Ergebnisse und Perspektiven, Essen 2016, 15-107.
2.Ebenda S. 133.

Mario Keßler, „Leo Trotzki, Die permanente Revolution (1930)“ in: Manfred Brocker (Hg.) Geschichte des politischen Denkens. Das 20. Jahrhundert. Frankfurt/M. 2018.


Brocker I
Manfred Brocker
Geschichte des politischen Denkens. Das 20. Jahrhundert Frankfurt/M. 2018
Socialism Trotsky Brocker I 208
Socialism/Trotsky: The theory of permanent revolution, Trotsky and his followers stressed, had its origin in an international revolutionary perspective; they rejected "socialism in one country" that Stalin defended, as reformist and nationalist. See Revolution/Trotsky. TrotskyVsStalin.

Mario Keßler, „Leo Trotzki, Die permanente Revolution (1930)“ in: Manfred Brocker (Hg.) Geschichte des politischen Denkens. Das 20. Jahrhundert. Frankfurt/M. 2018.


Brocker I
Manfred Brocker
Geschichte des politischen Denkens. Das 20. Jahrhundert Frankfurt/M. 2018